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Liriodendron tulipifera L.
TULIP-TREE
Yellow poplar; Tuliptree; Tulip tree; Yellow-poplar

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Magnoliaceae   Liriodendron

Liriodendron tulipifera, Tulip Tree
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Liriodendron tulipifera, Tulip Tree

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Liriodendron tulipifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera

Liriodendron tulipifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera

Liriodendron tulipifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera, Tulip Tree
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera, Tulip Tree

Liriodendron tulipifera, Tulip Tree
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera, Tulip Tree
Liriodendron tulipifera
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera

Liriodendron tulipifera
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera

Liriodendron tulipifera
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera

Liriodendron tulipifera
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Liriodendron tulipifera

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  Plantae @ I_GSJW (12)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Acanaloniidae  Acanalonia conica @ UDCC_NRI (2)
Aleyrodidae  Trialeurodes vaporariorum @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ CSCA_TCN (5)

Drepanosiphum platanoidis @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Illinoia ( @ NCSU_ENT (140); CSCA_TCN (40)

Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (4); CSCA_TCN (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Periphyllus testudinaceus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Braconidae  Aphidius ( @ AMNH_PBI (189)

Diaeretiella rapae @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Ephedrus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Monoctonus ( @ AMNH_PBI (6)

Praon humulaphidis @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Candelariaceae  Candelaria concolor @ GAL (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca radiata @ III (1)
Coccidae  Ceroplastes sinensis @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Parthenolecanium persicae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Toumeyella liriodendri @ MEMU_ENT (8); CSCA_TCN (31)

Toumeyella @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Coccinellidae  Harmonia axyridis @ I_LB (1)
Collemataceae  Leptogium cyanescens @ GAL (1)
Derbidae  Otiocerus kirbyii @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Diaspididae  Abgrallaspis liriodendri @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Aspidiotus @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Diaspidiotus ehrhorni @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Velataspis dentata @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Graphidaceae  Graphis scripta @ GAL (2)

Phaeographis inusta @ GAL (1)
Membracidae  Archasia belfragei @ NCSU (1)

Cyrtolobus dixianus @ NCSU (1)

Enchenopa binotata @ NCSU (1)

Ophiderma flava @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Platycotis vittata @ UDCC_TCN (1); NCSU (4)
Miridae  Ceratocapsus rubricornis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Coridromius chenopoderis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp34 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Microtechnites bractatus @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Myrtlemiris yalgoo @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Pannariaceae  Pannaria rubiginosa @ GAL (1)
Parmeliaceae  Anzia colpodes @ GAL (1)

Flavoparmelia caperata @ GAL (1)

Myelochroa aurulenta @ GAL (1)

Parmelinopsis minarum @ GAL (2)
Pertusariaceae  Pertusaria epixantha @ GAL (2)
Physciaceae  Buellia stillingiana @ I_GBP (1)

Heterodermia casarettiana @ GAL (1)

Heterodermia obscurata @ GAL (1)

Phaeophyscia pusilloides @ GAL (1)

Phaeophyscia rubropulchra @ GAL (1)

Pyxine sorediata @ GAL (1)

Rinodina maculans @ GAL (1)
Piesmatidae  Mcateella schuhi @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Pilocarpaceae  Byssoloma subdiscordans @ GAL (1)
Psyllidae  Cacopsylla pyricola @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Ramalinaceae  Bacidia schweinitzii @ I_GBP (1)
Teloschistaceae  Caloplaca @ GAL (1)
Trypetheliaceae  Bathelium carolinianum @ GAL (1)
Verrucariaceae  Normandina pulchella @ GAL (1)
_  fallventures 083 @ I_EHJP (1)

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Following modified from Vanderbilt University Bioimages
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Following modified from US Forest Service
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&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/liriodendron/tulipifera.htm

Following modified from Virginia Tech Forestry Department
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 (Bad hostname) http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/ltulipifera.htm

Following served from Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00002681 nsw%201995%20l45%20h073
   
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Following served from Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00001096 wa%201996%20l26%20h088
   
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Following served from Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00002004 wa%201996%20l14%20h035
   
Top | See original context

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   
Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LITU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LITU
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LITU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LITU
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LITU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LITU
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Liriodendron tulipifera L.
tuliptree

Image of Liriodendron tulipifera

General Information
Symbol: LITU
Group: Dicot
Family: Magnoliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Other Common Names: tulip poplar
yellow poplar
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Liriodendron thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MD, Harmony. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Lorton, Mason Neck State Park. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

David T. Funk. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, OH. 1963. Usage Requirements .

A.F. Hough. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, PA. 1934. Usage Requirements .

Daniel O. Todd. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AL, Bankhead National Forest. 1951. Usage Requirements .

Daniel O. Todd. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AL, Bankhead National Forest. 1951. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AL. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 83. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Magnoliales
Family Magnoliaceae – Magnolia family
Genus Liriodendron L. – tuliptree
Species Liriodendron tulipifera L. – tuliptree

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (LITU)
CalPhotos (LITU)
Flora of North America (LITU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LITU)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (LITU)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (LITU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (LITU)
Native Plants Network (LITU)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (LITU)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (LITU)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (LITU)
Related Websites
IN-State Plants (LITU)
TN-State Plants (LITU)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (LITU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Low Low
Yarrow Moderate Minor Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin
Yarrow

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Magnoliaceae | Liriodendron

1. Liriodendron tulipifera Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 535. 1753.

Yellow-poplar, tulip-poplar, tuliptree, bois-jaune

Liriodendron procera Salisbury; Tulipifera liriodendron Miller

Trees , single-trunked, to 45 m. Bark light gray, thick, deeply furrowed. Stipules paired, light green, elliptic to oblanceolate, 20-45mm; petiole 5-11.5 cm. Leaf blade commonly with 2 shallow upper lobes and 2 lateral lobes at broadest part, or sometimes squarrose and barely lobed, (6.5-)7.5-15(-23.5) × (8.5-)12.5-18.5(-25.5) cm; surfaces abaxially glaucous, adaxially bright green. Flowers campanulate; spathaceous bract 1, brownish, notched; tepals erect, adaxial orange blotch sometimes gummy, outermost tepals green to glaucous; stamens 20-50, 40-50 mm; filaments white; pistils 60-100. Samaracetums 4.5-8.5 cm, with numerous (1-)2-seeded, imbricate samaras 3-5.5 × 0.5-1 cm, falling separately at maturity; receptacles with basal pistil persistent. Seeds (1-)2. 2 n =38.

Flowering spring. Rich woodlands, bluffs, low mountains, and hills; 0-1500 m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va.

Leaf and flower color variation are widespread in this species, but the variation is continuous and without any discernible taxonomic significance.

Liriodendron tulipifera is widely cultivated; a few cultivars have been introduced to horticulture, and the hybrid L. tulipifera × L. chinense is known. Liriodendron tulipifera is reported to have escaped from cultivation in Texas, but I have seen no specimens. The specimens from Barry and Ozark counties, Missouri, may not be indigenous.

Liriodendron tulipifera is the state tree of both Indiana and Tennessee.

Native American tribes used Liriodendron tulipifera for making canoes. Cherokee and Rappahannock tribes used bark of the roots as a bitter tonic and heart stimulant, and it was considered useful in healing fevers, rheumatism, and digestive disorders (D. E. Moerman 1986).

The largest known tree of Liriodendron tulipifera , 44.5 m in height with a trunk diameter of 3.02 m, is recorded from Bedford, Virginia (American Forestry Association 1994).

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 55
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Liriodendron tulipifera%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Poplar
ID: 0000 0000 1102 1039 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Yellow Poplar
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0459 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Yellow Poplar
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0460 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Poplar
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1971 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Poplar
ID: 0000 0000 0308 0284 [detail]
© 2008 Gary W. Sargent

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 1205 1298 [detail]
© 2005 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 1205 1299 [detail]
© 2005 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 1205 1300 [detail]
© 2005 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 1205 1301 [detail]
© 2005 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2344 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0616 1459 [detail]
© 2016 Ansel Oommen

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0616 1460 [detail]
© 2016 Ansel Oommen

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
ID: 0000 0000 0712 0234 [detail]
© 2012 Julie Kierstead Nelson

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
ID: 0000 0000 0712 0235 [detail]
© 2012 Julie Kierstead Nelson

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
ID: 0000 0000 0712 0236 [detail]
© 2012 Julie Kierstead Nelson

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
ID: 0000 0000 0712 0237 [detail]
© 2012 Julie Kierstead Nelson

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
ID: 0000 0000 0712 0238 [detail]
© 2012 Julie Kierstead Nelson

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
American Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0513 0922 [detail]
© 2013 Ansel Oommen

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0214 1344 [detail]
2014 Nick Kurzenko

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0214 1345 [detail]
2014 Nick Kurzenko

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3441 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3442 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3443 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3444 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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