Kinds of Anura

Frogs and Toads in North America

Robert Horan, Xavier Glaudas, & John Pickering,
University of Georgia, Athens

Compiled from Center for North American Herpetology , Ellin Beltz, and other sources.

Scientific name -- Other names
Ascaphidae -- Tailed frogs
   Ascaphus montanus Mittleman and Myers, 1949 -- Eastern tailed frog
   Ascaphus truei Stejneger, 1899 -- Tailed frog
   Craugastor augusti (Dugès in Brocchi, 1879) -- Barking frog
Bufonidae -- True toads
   Anaxyrus americanus (Holbrook, 1836) -- Eastern american toad; Dwarf american toad; Bufo americanus
   Anaxyrus baxteri (Porter, 1968) -- Wyoming toad; Bufo baxteri
   Anaxyrus boreas (Baird and Girard, 1852) -- Western Toad; Bufo boreas
   Anaxyrus californicus (Camp, 1915) -- Arroyo Toad; Bufo californicus
   Anaxyrus canorus (Camp, 1916) -- Yosemite toad; Bufo canorus
   Anaxyrus cognatus (Say, 1823) -- Great plains toad; Bufo cognatus
   Anaxyrus debilis (Girard, 1854) -- Eastern Green Toad; Western Green Toad; Bufo debilis
   Anaxyrus exsul (Myers, 1942) -- Black toad; Bufo exsul
   Anaxyrus fowleri (Hinckley, 1882) -- Fowlers toad; Bufo fowleri
   Anaxyrus hemiophrys (Cope, 1886) -- Canadian toad; Bufo hemiophrys
   Anaxyrus houstonensis (Sanders, 1953) -- Houston toad; Bufo houstonensis
   Anaxyrus microscaphus (Cope, 1867) -- Arizona toad; Bufo microscaphus
   Anaxyrus nelsoni (Stejneger, 1893) -- Amargosa toad; Bufo nelsoni
   Anaxyrus punctatus (Baird and Girard, 1852) -- Red-spotted Toad; Bufo punctatus
   Anaxyrus quercicus (Holbrook, 1840) -- Oak Toad; Bufo quercicus
   Anaxyrus retiformis (Sanders and Smith, 1951) -- Sonoran green toad; Bufo retiformis
   Anaxyrus speciosus (Girard, 1854) -- Texas toad; Bufo speciosus
   Anaxyrus terrestris (Bonnaterre, 1789) -- Southern Toad; Bufo terrestris
   Anaxyrus woodhousii (Shannon and Lowe, 1955) -- Southwestern woodhouses toad; East texas toad; Bufo woodhousii; Bufo woodhousei
   Incilius alvarius (Girard, 1859) -- Colorado river toad; Sonora desert toad; Bufo alvarius
   Incilius nebulifer (Girard, 1854) -- Coastal plain toad; Bufo nebulifer
   Rhinella marina (Linneaus, 1758) -- Cane toad; Bufo marinus
Hylidae -- Treefrogs; Chorus frogs
   Acris crepitans Harper, 1947 -- Blanchards cricket frog; Northern cricket frog; Coastal cricket frog
   Acris gryllus (Harlan, 1827) -- Florida Cricket Frog; Southern Cricket Frog
   Hyla andersonii Baird, 1854 -- Pine Barrens Treefrog
   Hyla arenicolor Cope, 1886 -- Canyon Treefrog
   Hyla avivoca Viosca, 1928 -- Bird-voiced treefrog
   Hyla chrysoscelis Cope, 1880 -- Copes gray treefrog
   Hyla cinerea (Schneider, 1792) -- Green treefrog
   Hyla eximia Baird, 1854 -- Mountain treefrog
   Hyla femoralis Bosc and Daudin, 1800 -- Pine Woods Treefrog
   Hyla gratiosa Le Conte, 1856 -- Barking Treefrog
   Hyla squirella Bosc, 1800 -- Squirrel treefrog
   Hyla versicolor Le Conte, 1823 -- Gray treefrog
   Hyla wrightorum Taylor, 1939 -- Arizona treefrog
   Osteopilus septentrionalis Dumeril and Bibron, 1841 -- Cuban treefrog
   Pseudacris brachyphona (Cope, 1889) -- Mountain Chorus Frog
   Pseudacris brimleyi Brandt and Walker, 1933 -- Brimleys Chorus Frog
   Pseudacris cadaverina (Cope, 1866) -- California chorus frog
   Pseudacris clarkii (Baird, 1854) -- Spotted Chorus Frog
   Pseudacris crucifer (Harper, 1939) -- Southern spring peeper; Northern spring peeper; Hyla crucifer
   Pseudacris feriarum (Baird, 1854) -- Upland chorus frog
   Pseudacris illinoensis Smith, 1951 -- Illinois chorus frog
   Pseudacris kalmi Harper, 1955 -- New Jersey Chorus Frog
   Pseudacris maculata (Agassiz, 1850) -- Boreal Chorus Frog
   Pseudacris nigrita (Le Conte, 1825) -- Southern Chorus Frog, Florida Chorus Frog; Southern Chorus Frog
   Pseudacris ocularis (Bosc and Daudin, 1801) -- Little grass frog
   Pseudacris ornata (Holbrook, 1836) -- Ornate Chorus Frog
   Pseudacris regilla (Baird and Girard, 1852) -- Pacific Chorus Frog; Hyla regilla
   Pseudacris streckeri Wright and Wright, 1933 -- Streckers chorus frog
   Pseudacris triseriata (Wied-Neuwied, 1838) -- Western Chorus Frog
   Smilisca baudinii (Dumeril and Bibron, 1841) -- Mexican Treefrog
   Smilisca fodiens (Boulenger, 1882) -- Lowland Burrowing Treefrog; Northern Casquehead Frog; Pternohyla fodiens
Leptodactylidae -- Neotropical frogs
   Eleutherodactylus augusti Taylor, 1938 -- Western barking frog; Eastern barking frog
   Eleutherodactylus coqui Thomas, 1866 -- Puerto rican coqui
   Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides (Stejneger, 1915) -- Rio Grande Chirping Frog
   Eleutherodactylus guttilatus (Cope, 1879) -- Spotted chirping frog
   Eleutherodactylus marnockii Cope, 1878 -- Cliff Chirping Frog
   Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Cope, 1862) -- Greenhouse frog
   Leptodactylus mystacinus (Burmeister, 1861) -- White-lipped frog; Leptodactylus labialis
Microhylidae -- Microhylid frogs; Narrowmouth toads
   Gastrophryne carolinensis (Holbrook, 1836) -- Eastern Narrowmouth Toad
   Gastrophryne olivacea (Hallowell, 1857) -- Great plains narrowmouth toad
   Hypopachus variolosus (Cope, 1866) -- Sheep frog
Pipidae -- Clawed frogs
   Xenopus laevis (Daudin, 1802) -- African Clawed Frog
Ranidae -- True frogs; Riparian frogs
   Lithobates areolatus (Baird and Girard, 1852) -- Southern Crawfish Frog, Northern Crawfish Frog; Rana areolata
   Lithobates berlandieri (Baird, 1859) -- Rio Grande Leopard Frog; Rana berlandieri
   Lithobates blairi (Mecham, Littlejohn, Oldham, Brown, and Brown, 1973) -- Plains Leopard Frog; Rana blairi
   Lithobates capito (Le Conte, 1855) -- Carolina gopher frog; Rana capito
   Lithobates catesbeianus (Shaw, 1802) -- Bullfrog; Rana catesbeiana
   Lithobates chiricahuensis (Platz and Mecham, 1979) -- Chiricahua Leopard Frog; Rana chiricahuensis; Rana subaquavocalis
   Lithobates clamitans (Latreille, 1801) -- Bronze Frog; Rana clamitans; Green Frog Bronze Frog
   Lithobates grylio (Stejneger, 1901) -- Pig Frog; Rana grylio
   Lithobates heckscheri (Wright, 1924) -- River Frog; Rana heckscheri
   Lithobates okaloosae (Moler, 1985) -- Florida Bog Frog; Rana okaloosae
   Lithobates onca (Cope, 1875) -- Relict leopard frog; Rana onca
   Lithobates palustris (Le Conte, 1825) -- Pickerel Frog; Rana palustris
   Lithobates pipiens (Schreber, 1782) -- Northern Leopard Frog; Rana pipiens
   Lithobates septentrionalis (Baird, 1854) -- Mink Frog; Rana septentrionalis
   Lithobates sevosus (Goin & Netting, 1940) -- Dusky gopher frog; Rana sevosa
   Lithobates sphenocephalus (Cope, 1886) -- Southern leopard frog; Florida leopard frog; Rana sphenocephala
   Lithobates sylvaticus (Le Conte, 1825) -- Wood Frog; Rana sylvatica
   Lithobates tarahumarae (Boulenger, 1917) -- Tarahumara Frog; Rana tarahumarae
   Lithobates virgatipes (Cope, 1891) -- Carpenter Frog; Rana virgatipes
   Lithobates yavapaiensis (Platz & Frost, 1984) -- Lowland leopard frog; Rana yavapaiensis
   Rana aurora Baird and Girard, 1852 -- Northern Red-legged Frog, California Red-legged Frog
   Rana boylii Baird, 1854 -- Foothill yellow-legged frog
   Rana cascadae Slater, 1939 -- Cascades frog
   Rana luteiventris Thompson, 1913 -- Columbia Spotted Frog
   Rana muscosa Camp, 1917 -- Mountain Yellow-legged Frog
   Rana pretiosa Baird and Girard, 1853 -- Oregon spotted frog
Rhinophrynidae -- Burrowing toad
   Rhinophrynus dorsalis Dumeril and Bibron, 1841 -- Mexican Burrowing Toad
Scaphiopodidae -- Spadefoot toads
   Scaphiopus couchii Baird, 1854 -- Couchs Spadefoot
   Scaphiopus holbrookii (Harlan, 1835) -- Eastern Spadefoot; Eastern Spadefoot Toad
   Scaphiopus hurterii Strecker, 1910 -- Hurters Spadefoot
   Spea bombifrons (Cope, 1863) -- Plains spadefoot
   Spea hammondii (Baird, 1859) -- Western Spadefoot
   Spea intermontana (Cope, 1883) -- Great Basin Spadefoot
   Spea multiplicata (Cope, 1863) -- New Mexico Spadefoot

Updated: 2011-07-05 18:27:03

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