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Albulidae
BONEFISHES
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Albula nemoptera
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Albula nemoptera
Albula
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Albula

Albula esuncula
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Albula esuncula
Albula esuncula
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Albula esuncula

Albulidae
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Albulidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • snout conical, overhanging
  • 1 d
  • c: forked
  • elongate, rounded, silvery
  • scales small
  • pelvics behind center d
FAMILY ALBULIDAE

BONEFISHES

This small family of one genus is one of the most primitive of teleost fishes. The young pass through a late larval stage called the leptocephalus which is also found in other primitive Teleostei such as the ladyfish (Elops), the tarpon (Megalops) and true eels. This characteristic larva is transparent, ribbon-like, with a small head and forked tail. The body of bonefishes is elongate and only slightly compressed. Their most distinctive external feature is their overhanging snout and ventral mouth. There are very small teeth in bands anteriorly on the jaws and patches of small molariform teeth on the roof and floor of the mouth. The fins only have soft ray, the single dorsal is at the middle of the body and the anal fin far to the rear; as in other primitive fishes, the pectoral fins are low on the body, and the pelvic fins under the abdomen; the tail fin is deeply forked. Bonefishes get their name from the numerous fine bones in the flesh.

The family contains two genera with eleven species. Albula vulpes (see below), was formerly believed to be a wide-ranging circumtropical species, but a recent electrophoretic study in Hawaii by Shaklee and Tamaru have shown that it is actually divisible into at least two Indo-Pacific species, two from the western Atlantic and one from the eastern Atlantic. Apparently is 6-7 species endemic to the tropical eastern Pacific. Bonefishes root into sand with their conical snout for their usual food of small clams, various worms, and crustaceans; the hard parts of prey are crushed with their molariform teeth. These fishes are world renowned as hard-fighting gamefishes.


References
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  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1882., List of Fishes now in the Museum of Yale College, Collected by Prof. Frank H. Bradley, at Panama, with Descriptions of Three New Species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5:620-632.
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  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1923., The marine fishes of Panama. Part I., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:1-330.
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  • Pfeiler , E. , Padrón , D. and Crabtree, R. E., 2000., Growth rate, age and size of bonefish from the Gulf of California., Journal of Fish Biology, 56:448-453.
  • Pfeiler, E., 1996., Allozyme differences in caribbean and Gulf of California populations of bonefishes (Albula)., Copeia, 1996:181-185.
  • Pfeiler, E., Mendoza, M.A. and Manrique, F.A., 1988., Premetamorphic bonefish (Albula sp). Leptocephali from the Gulf of California with comments on life history., Environmental Biology of Fishes, 21:241-249.
  • Pérez-Mellado, J., Findley, LL. F., 1985., Evaluación de la ictiofauna acompañante del camarón capturado en las costas de Sonora y norte de Sinaloa, México. In Yáñez-Arancibia, A. (Ed.) Recursos pesqueros potenciales de México: La pesca acompañante del camarón., Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México: Cap. 5:201-254.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. , McCosker , J.E. and Rubinoff, I., 1972., Indo-west Pacific fishes from the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama., Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 234:18pp.
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  • Snodgrass , R. E. and Heller, E., 1905., Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition, 1898-1899. XVII. Shorefishes of the Revillagigedo, Clipperton, Cocos and Galapagos Island., Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 6:333-427.
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Acknowledgements

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