Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara &. Grande
GARLIC MUSTARD
  Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Alliaria

Alliaria petiolata
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 6
Alliaria petiolata

Click on map or images to enlarge.
 
Alliaria petiolata, Garlic Mustard
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Alliaria petiolata, Garlic Mustard

Alliaria petiolata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Alliaria petiolata

Alliaria petiolata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Alliaria petiolata

Alliaria petiolata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Alliaria petiolata

Alliaria petiolata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Alliaria petiolata

Alliaria petiolata, _flower.JP80279_50.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Alliaria petiolata, flower
JP80279_50

Alliaria petiolata, _leaves.JP80279_28.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Alliaria petiolata, leaves
JP80279_28
305 thumbnails  •  slide show
IDnature guide
Names
Scientific source:

Supported by
Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena cressonii @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena forbesii @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena hippotes @ AMNH_BEE (3); I_JSA (1)

Andrena miserabilis @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Andrena nuda @ AMNH_BEE (2); UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena pruni @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Andrena vicina @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Apidae  Nomada luteoloides @ AMNH_BEE (1); I_JSA (2)

Nomada maculata @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Coccinellidae  Harmonia axyridis @ I_LB (1)
Megachilidae  Osmia cornifrons @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Pentatomidae  Murgantia histrionica @ UDCC_TCN (7)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria maculans @ BPI (1)

Following modified from PCA Alien Plant Working Group
   
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&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/alpe1.htm

Following modified from Global Invasive Species Team, The Nature Conservancy
   
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&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 403 Forbidden http://wiki.bugwood.org/Alliaria_petiolata/

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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande Garlic Mustard
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Invasive non-native
Alliaria petiolata
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
May 2001 Alliaria petiolata
Garlic mustard is biennial ; the round leaves are from plants in their first year. The other plants are Japanese stiltgrass . White Clay Creek State Park -- Possum Hill
May 2012

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   
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Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande - Garlic Mustard

Alliaria petiolata plant

Family - Brassicaceae

Stems - To +1m tall, herbaceous, single or multiple from thick taproot (which very much smells like a radish when crushed or bruised), erect, branching above, pubescent at very base, glabrous and glaucous above.

Alliaria petiolata stem Upper stem.

Alliaria petiolata stem Lower stem.

Leaves - Alternate, glabrous above, sparsely pubescent below. Basal leaves reniform, crenate or sinuate, petiolate, to 10cm broad, 8cm long. Petiole to 15cm long, with single longitudinal groove, groove ciliate on margins. Cauline leaves gradually reduced upwards, cordate to sagittate, sinuate to coarsely toothed.

Alliaria petiolata leaf Lower cauline leaf.

Alliaria petiolata leaf Upper cauline leaf.

Inflorescence - Terminal raceme, greatly elongating in fruit to +25cm.

Alliaria petiolata inflorescence

Flowers - Petals 4, white, glabrous, clawed (the claw to -2mm long), 6-7mm long, 3mm broad at apex. Stamens 6. Filaments to 3mm long, glabrous, white. Anthers yellow, -1mm long. Ovary green, 4-angled, 3mm long, glabrous. Style very short (-.5mm long). Sepals 4, whitish with light green tips, 3-4mm long, 1-2mm broad, linear to subulate. Pedicels to 4mm long, glabrous.

Alliaria petiolata flower Flower close-up.

Fruits - To +5cm long, 4-angled, glabrous, on thick stalk to 6mm long, erect and parallel to stem, many seeded, style persistent to form very short beak to -1mm long. Fruit stalks at right angles to stem.

Flowering - April - May.

Habitat - Low woods, slopes, streambanks, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This plant is a fairly recent introduction to this state but it spreading like wildfire and can be found almost anywhere. It prefers shaded areas of the habitats mentioned above.
The leaves are edible and are often eaten back in the "old country." They kind of taste like a cross between garlic and radish. The flowers are fairly showy and the plant is attractive but it should not be spread.

Photographs taken at Eagle Bluffs Conservation Area, Boone County, MO., 4-11-04.

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ALPE4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ALPE4
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ALPE4 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ALPE4
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ALPE4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ALPE4
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande
garlic mustard

Image of Alliaria petiolata

General Information
Symbol: ALPE4
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Annual
Biennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Alliaria thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, DC, Washington, National Cathedral, Spring Garden. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, DC, Washington, Glover-Archbold Park. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, VA. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, NJ. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Woodbridge, Occoquan National Wildlife Refuge. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 170. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
ALAL8 Alliaria alliaria (L.) Britton, nom. inval.
ALOF3 Alliaria officinalis Andrz. ex M. Bieb.
ERAL14 Erysimum alliaria L.
SIAL11 Sisymbrium alliaria (L.) Scop.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Alliaria Heist. ex Fabr. – alliaria
Species Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande – garlic mustard

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Alabama garlic mustard Class A noxious weed
Connecticut garlic mustard Invasive, banned
Massachusetts garlic mustard Prohibited
Minnesota garlic mustard Prohibited noxious weed
New Hampshire garlic mustard Prohibited invasive Species
Oregon garlic mustard "B" designated weed garlic mustard Quarantine
Vermont garlic mustard Class B noxious weed
Washington garlic mustard Class A noxious weed garlic mustard Noxious weed seed and plant quarantine
U.S. Weed Information
Alliaria petiolata garlic mustard This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants . Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ALPE4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ALAL8)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ALOF3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ALPE4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ERAL14)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SIAL11)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (ALPE4)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ALPE4)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ALPE4)
Related Websites
CT-USDA NRCS Invasive Species Identification Sheets (ALPE4)
Canada-Invasive Exotic Plant Fact Sheets (ALPE4)
Cornell University Biological Control (ALPE4)
Invasive Exotic Plants of Canada: abstract & illustrations (ALPE4)
NPCI Alien Plant Working Group: abstract & image (ALPE4)
NY-Garlic Mustard Page (Cornell University) (ALPE4)
The Nature Conservancy: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program (ALPE4)
WI-Department of Natural Resources (Invasive Plants) (ALPE4)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA Vol. 7 Page 743 , 745 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Alliaria

1. Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieberstein) Cavara & Grande, Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli. 3: 418. 1913.

Arabis petiolata M. Bieberstein, Fl. Taur.-Cauc. 2: 126. 1808; Alliaria officinalis Andrzejowski ex M. Bieberstein; Erysimum alliaria Linnaeus

Stems simple or branched distally, (1.5-)3-9(-13) dm; glabrous or pilose basally, trichomes to 1.5 mm. Basal leaves: petiole 3-16(-22) cm; blade reniform or cordate, (6-)15-88(-118) mm wide (shorter in length), surfaces glabrous or pilose. Cauline leaves: petiole shorter than basal; blade ovate, cordate, or deltate, to 15 × 15 cm, base cordate or truncate, margins acutely to obtusely toothed, apex acute. Racemes several-flowered. Fruiting pedicels terete, (2-)3-10(-15) mm. Flowers: sepals (2-)2.5-3.5(-4.5) × 0.7-1.5 mm; petals (2.5-)4-8 (-9) × (1.5-)2-3(-3.5) mm, base attenuate to clawlike; filaments 2-3.5(-4.5) mm; anthers oblong, 0.7-1 mm. Fruits divaricate-ascending, subtorulose, quadrangular or subterete, (2-)3-7(-8) cm × 1.2-2.5 mm; style (0.2-) 1-2(-3) mm. Seeds dark brown or black, narrowly oblong, 2-4.5 × 0.7-2 mm. 2 n = 42.

Flowering Apr-May. Roadsides, trails, railroad tracks, stream banks, waste places, fields, shaded woodlands, bluffs, thickets, steep slopes, disturbed fields, floodplains, woods, shaded forest floor; 0-1200 m; introduced; B.C., Ont.; Conn., Del., D.C., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., Tenn., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis.; South America (Argentina); Eurasia; n Africa.

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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 21
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Alliaria petiolata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1169 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0406 0784 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0406 0785 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0406 0929 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1168 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1170 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0944 [detail]
© 2007 François Meignant

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0945 [detail]
© 2007 François Meignant

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0946 [detail]
© 2007 François Meignant

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0208 1770 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0208 1771 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0208 1772 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0208 1773 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0208 1774 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0208 1775 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1211 0752 [detail]
© 2011 Phil Pullen

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2655 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2656 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2657 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2658 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Alliaria petiolata
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2659 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

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