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Allium L.
ONION
Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Liliaceae

Allium tricoccum
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 6
Allium tricoccum

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Allium canadense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Allium canadense
Allium canadense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Allium canadense

Allium canadense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Allium canadense
Allium canadense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Allium canadense

Allium canadense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Allium canadense
Allium canadense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Allium canadense

Allium roseum var. bulbiferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 5
Allium roseum var. bulbiferum
Allium vineale
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Allium vineale

Allium carinatum, pulchellum
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Allium carinatum, pulchellum
Allium tricoccum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Allium tricoccum

Allium ampeloprasum var. babingtonii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 4
Allium ampeloprasum var. babingtonii
Allium vineale, stem - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, stem - unspecified

Allium vineale, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, whole plant - juvenile
Allium vineale, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, whole plant - juvenile
Kinds
Geographic distribution
Species found in the Southeast
A. vineale Field Garlic A. canadense Wild Onion A. cuthbertii A. ampeloprasum Wild Leek A. cernuum Nodding Onion A. cepa Onion A. tricoccum Ramps A. inodorum

References
Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press. Chapel Hill, NC.

Acknowledgements
Joy Marie Pease

Supported by

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Bombus impatiens @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Nomada australis @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Colletidae  Colletes gilensis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Colletes skinneri @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Halictidae  Agapostemon virescens @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Halictus confusus @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Halictus poeyi @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum callidum @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum coriaceum @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum leucozonium @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum semicaeruleum @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Megachilidae  Hoplitis pilosifrons @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Osmia austromaritima @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Miridae  Labopidea allii @ CSUC_TCN (1); AMNH_IZC (1)

Labopidea lenensis @ AMNH_IZC (42)

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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Allium L.
onion

Image of Allium

General Information
Symbol: ALLIU
Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Duration:  
Growth Habit :  
Native Status : AK   I,N
CAN   I,N,W
L48   I,N
PB   I
VI   I?
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Allium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, CA, Sequoia National Park, Alda Trail. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, CA, Sequoia National Park, Alda Trail. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, WY, Yellowstone National Park, Upper Basin. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, CA, Berkeley, Regional Parks Botanic Garden at Tilden. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, DC, Washington, National Cathedral. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Allium L. – onion

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 112 species of Allium . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Allium aaseae </i>
Ownbey
Allium aaseae
South Idaho onion Distribution of <i>
Allium abramsii </i>
(Ownbey & Aase) McNeal
Allium abramsii
Abrams' allium Distribution of <i>
Allium acuminatum </i>
Hook.
Allium acuminatum
tapertip onion Distribution of <i>
Allium aflatunense </i>
B. Fedtsch.
Allium aflatunense
Distribution of <i>
Allium allegheniense </i>
Small
Allium allegheniense
Allegheny onion Distribution of <i>
Allium ampeloprasum </i>
L.
Allium ampeloprasum
broadleaf wild leek Distribution of <i>
Allium amplectens </i>
Hook.
Allium amplectens
narrowleaf onion Distribution of <i>
Allium anceps </i>
Kellogg
Allium anceps
twinleaf onion Distribution of <i>
Allium ascalonicum </i>
L.
Allium ascalonicum
wild onion Distribution of <i>
Allium atrorubens </i>
S. Watson
Allium atrorubens
darkred onion Distribution of <i>
Allium atroviolaceum </i>
Boiss.
Allium atroviolaceum
broadleaf wild leek Distribution of <i>
Allium bigelovii </i>
S. Watson
Allium bigelovii
Bigelow's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium bisceptrum </i>
S. Watson
Allium bisceptrum
twincrest onion Distribution of <i>
Allium bolanderi </i>
S. Watson
Allium bolanderi
Bolander's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium brandegeei </i>
S. Watson
Allium brandegeei
Brandegee's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium brevistylum </i>
S. Watson
Allium brevistylum
shortstyle onion Distribution of <i>
Allium burdickii </i>
(Hanes) A.G. Jones
Allium burdickii
narrowleaf wild leek Distribution of <i>
Allium burlewii </i>
Davidson
Allium burlewii
Burlew's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium campanulatum </i>
S. Watson
Allium campanulatum
dusky onion Distribution of <i>
Allium canadense </i>
L.
Allium canadense
meadow garlic Distribution of <i>
Allium carinatum </i>
L. [excluded]
Allium carinatum
Distribution of <i>
Allium cepa </i>
L.
Allium cepa
garden onion Distribution of <i>
Allium cernuum </i>
Roth
Allium cernuum
nodding onion Distribution of <i>
Allium chinense </i>
G. Don
Allium chinense
rakkyo Distribution of <i>
Allium columbianum </i>
(Ownbey & Mingrone) P. Peterson, Annable & Rieseberg
Allium columbianum
Columbian onion Distribution of <i>
Allium constrictum </i>
(Ownbey & Mingrone) P. Peterson, Annable & Rieseberg
Allium constrictum
Grand Coulee onion Distribution of <i>
Allium coryi </i>
M.E. Jones
Allium coryi
yellowflower onion Distribution of <i>
Allium cratericola </i>
Eastw.
Allium cratericola
Cascade onion Distribution of <i>
Allium crenulatum </i>
Wiegand
Allium crenulatum
Olympic onion Distribution of <i>
Allium crispum </i>
Greene
Allium crispum
crinkled onion Distribution of <i>
Allium cuthbertii </i>
Small
Allium cuthbertii
striped garlic Distribution of <i>
Allium denticulatum </i>
(Ownbey & Aase) McNeal
Allium denticulatum
toothed onion Distribution of <i>
Allium diabolense </i>
(Ownbey & Aase) McNeal
Allium diabolense
serpentine onion Distribution of <i>
Allium dichlamydeum </i>
Greene
Allium dichlamydeum
coastal onion Distribution of <i>
Allium dictuon </i>
H. St. John
Allium dictuon
Blue Mountain onion Distribution of <i>
Allium douglasii </i>
Hook.
Allium douglasii
Douglas' onion Distribution of <i>
Allium drummondii </i>
Regel
Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium elmendorfii </i>
M.E. Jones ex Ownbey
Allium elmendorfii
Elmendorf's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium falcifolium </i>
Hook. & Arn.
Allium falcifolium
scytheleaf onion Distribution of <i>
Allium fibrillum </i>
M.E. Jones
Allium fibrillum
Cuddy Mountain onion Distribution of <i>
Allium fimbriatum </i>
S. Watson
Allium fimbriatum
fringed onion Distribution of <i>
Allium fistulosum </i>
L.
Allium fistulosum
welsh onion Distribution of <i>
Allium geyeri </i>
S. Watson
Allium geyeri
Geyer's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium glandulosum </i>
Link & Otto
Allium glandulosum
gland onion Distribution of <i>
Allium gooddingii </i>
Ownbey
Allium gooddingii
Goodding's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium haematochiton </i>
S. Watson
Allium haematochiton
redskin onion Distribution of <i>
Allium hickmanii </i>
Eastw.
Allium hickmanii
Hickman's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium hoffmanii </i>
Ownbey
Allium hoffmanii
beegum onion Distribution of <i>
Allium howellii </i>
Eastw.
Allium howellii
Howell's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium hyalinum </i>
Curran
Allium hyalinum
glassy onion Distribution of <i>
Allium jepsonii </i>
(Ownbey & Aase) S. Denison & McNeal
Allium jepsonii
Jepson's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium kunthii </i>
G. Don
Allium kunthii
Kunth's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium lacunosum </i>
S. Watson
Allium lacunosum
pitted onion Distribution of <i>
Allium lemmonii </i>
S. Watson
Allium lemmonii
Lemmon's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium macropetalum </i>
Rydb.
Allium macropetalum
largeflower onion Distribution of <i>
Allium macrum </i>
S. Watson
Allium macrum
rock onion Distribution of <i>
Allium madidum </i>
S. Watson
Allium madidum
swamp onion Distribution of <i>
Allium membranaceum </i>
Ownbey
Allium membranaceum
papery onion Distribution of <i>
Allium moly </i>
L. [excluded]
Allium moly
Distribution of <i>
Allium monticola </i>
Davidson
Allium monticola
San Bernardino Mountain onion Distribution of <i>
Allium munzii </i>
(Ownbey ex Traub) McNeal
Allium munzii
Munz's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium neapolitanum </i>
Cirillo
Allium neapolitanum
white garlic Distribution of <i>
Allium nevadense </i>
S. Watson
Allium nevadense
Nevada onion Distribution of <i>
Allium nevii </i>
S. Watson
Allium nevii
Nevius' garlic Distribution of <i>
Allium nigrum </i>
L.
Allium nigrum
black garlic Distribution of <i>
Allium obtusum </i>
Lemmon
Allium obtusum
red Sierra onion Distribution of <i>
Allium odorum </i>
L.
Allium odorum
Chinese chives Distribution of <i>
Allium oleraceum </i>
L.
Allium oleraceum
field garlic Distribution of <i>
Allium oxyphilum </i>
Wherry
Allium oxyphilum
lillydale onion Distribution of <i>
Allium paniculatum </i>
L.
Allium paniculatum
Mediterranean onion Distribution of <i>
Allium parishii </i>
S. Watson
Allium parishii
Parish's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium parryi </i>
S. Watson
Allium parryi
Parry's fringed onion Distribution of <i>
Allium parvum </i>
Kellogg
Allium parvum
small onion Distribution of <i>
Allium passeyi </i>
N.H. Holmgren & A.H. Holmgren
Allium passeyi
Passey's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium peninsulare </i>
Lemmon ex Greene
Allium peninsulare
Mexicali onion Distribution of <i>
Allium perdulce </i>
S.V. Fraser
Allium perdulce
plains onion Distribution of <i>
Allium platycaule </i>
S. Watson
Allium platycaule
broadstemmed onion Distribution of <i>
Allium pleianthum </i>
S. Watson
Allium pleianthum
manyflower onion Distribution of <i>
Allium plummerae </i>
S. Watson
Allium plummerae
Tanners Canyon onion Distribution of <i>
Allium porrum </i>
L.
Allium porrum
garden leek Distribution of <i>
Allium praecox </i>
Brandegee
Allium praecox
early onion Distribution of <i>
Allium ×proliferum </i>
(Moench) Schrad. ex Willd. [<i>
cepa × fistulosum</i>
]
Allium ×proliferum [ cepa × fistulosum ]
garden onion Distribution of <i>
Allium punctum </i>
L.F. Hend.
Allium punctum
dotted onion Distribution of <i>
Allium robinsonii </i>
L.F. Hend.
Allium robinsonii
Robinson's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium runyonii </i>
Ownbey
Allium runyonii
Runyon's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium sanbornii </i>
Alph. Wood
Allium sanbornii
Sanborn's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium sativum </i>
L.
Allium sativum
cultivated garlic Distribution of <i>
Allium schoenoprasum </i>
L.
Allium schoenoprasum
wild chives Distribution of <i>
Allium scilloides </i>
Douglas ex S. Watson
Allium scilloides
fragile onion Distribution of <i>
Allium scorodoprasum </i>
L.
Allium scorodoprasum
sand leek Distribution of <i>
Allium serra </i>
McNeal & Ownbey
Allium serra
jeweled onion Distribution of <i>
Allium serratum </i>
S. Watson [excluded]
Allium serratum
Distribution of <i>
Allium sharsmithiae </i>
(Ownbey & Aase) McNeal
Allium sharsmithiae
Sharsmith's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium shevockii </i>
McNeal
Allium shevockii
Spanish Needle onion Distribution of <i>
Allium simillimum </i>
L.F. Hend.
Allium simillimum
simil onion Distribution of <i>
Allium siskiyouense </i>
Ownbey
Allium siskiyouense
Siskiyou onion Distribution of <i>
Allium speculae </i>
Ownbey & Aase
Allium speculae
Little River Canyon onion Distribution of <i>
Allium sphaerocephalon </i>
L.
Allium sphaerocephalon
roundheaded leek Distribution of <i>
Allium stellatum </i>
Fraser ex Ker Gawl.
Allium stellatum
autumn onion Distribution of <i>
Allium textile </i>
A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr.
Allium textile
textile onion Distribution of <i>
Allium tolmiei </i>
(Hook.) Baker ex S. Watson
Allium tolmiei
Tolmie's onion Distribution of <i>
Allium tribracteatum </i>
Torr.
Allium tribracteatum
threebract onion Distribution of <i>
Allium tricoccum </i>
Aiton
Allium tricoccum
ramp Distribution of <i>
Allium triquetrum </i>
L.
Allium triquetrum
threecorner leek Distribution of <i>
Allium tuberosum </i>
Rottler ex Spreng.
Allium tuberosum
Chinese chives Distribution of <i>
Allium tuolumnense </i>
(Ownbey & Aase) S. Denison & McNeal
Allium tuolumnense
Rawhide Hill onion Distribution of <i>
Allium unifolium </i>
Kellogg
Allium unifolium
oneleaf onion Distribution of <i>
Allium ursinum </i>
L.
Allium ursinum
bear garlic Distribution of <i>
Allium validum </i>
S. Watson
Allium validum
Pacific onion Distribution of <i>
Allium victorialis </i>
L.
Allium victorialis
victory onion Distribution of <i>
Allium vineale </i>
L.
Allium vineale
wild garlic Distribution of <i>
Allium yosemitense </i>
Eastw.
Allium yosemitense
Yosemite onion Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arkansas wild onion, wild garlic Noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Allium wild onion, wild garlic This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
CalPhotos (ALLIU)
Flora of North America (ALLIU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ALLIU)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (ALLIU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 14
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Allium sp.%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
Wild Onion
ID: 8253 3202 4144 0081 [detail]
Dr. G Dallas and Margaret Hanna
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
ID: 5315 2021 1568 0094 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
Striped Adobe-lily
ID: 6068 1631 1521 0024 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
ID: 5315 2021 1568 0088 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
ID: 5315 2021 0941 0033 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
ID: 0000 0000 1002 0156 [detail]
1999 Nick Kurzenko

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
ID: 5315 2021 1568 0087 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
ID: 5315 2021 1568 0086 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
ID: 8253 3202 4145 0012 [detail]
Gladys Lucille Smith
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
ID: 8120 3181 4908 0022 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
ID: 8076 3101 3973 0054 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1096 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty, M.D./ecology.org

Allium sp.
Allium sp.
Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1097 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty, M.D./ecology.org

Allium Sp.
Allium Sp.
ID: 0000 0000 0216 3703 [detail]
© 2016 Steven Thorsted

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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