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Batrachoididae
TOADFISHES
Monkfishes

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Porichthys mimeticus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Porichthys mimeticus
Porichthys
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Porichthys

Porichthys greenei
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Porichthys greenei
Porichthys margaritatus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Porichthys margaritatus

Porichthys oculellus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Porichthys oculellus
Batrachoides boulengeri
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Batrachoides boulengeri

Batrachoides waltersi
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Batrachoides waltersi
Batrachoides pacifici
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Batrachoides pacifici

Batrachoides pacifici
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Batrachoides pacifici
Daector dowi
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Daector dowi

Daector reticulata
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Daector reticulata
Porichthys greenei
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Porichthys greenei

Porichthys analis
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Porichthys analis
Porichthys ephippiatus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Porichthys ephippiatus

Batrachoididae
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Batrachoididae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • head large; eyes on top; mouth wide
  • 1st dorsal fin : ii-iii
  • 1-4 lateral lines
  • operculum: spines
  • pelvic before pectoral
  • dorsal and anal finslong bases; c: small
FAMILY BATRACHOIDIDAE

TOADFISHES, MIDSHIPMEN, MONKFISHES

These fishes are characterized by a relatively large head and mouth, and eyes positioned more on top of the head than on the side. There are II or III stout dorsal spines followed by a separate, long second dorsal fin; the dorsal spines of Daector are hollow and connected to venom glands, but those of other species treated here are solid and not associated with venom glands; both second dorsal and anal fins without spines; head spines present on operculum and suboperculum (except latter spines absent in Aphos and Porichthys); body with or without scales; no canine teeth (except in Porichthys); usually one, two or four lateral lines. Toadfishes are bottom dwellers that shelter under rocks, in crevices, or bury themselves in sand or mud. Some species migrate seasonally to spawn and during this period are capable of producing curious "boat-whistle" sounds. Eggs are attached to rocks, or on the inner surface of pipes, tin cans or other submerged debris. They occur in brackish coastal estuaries as well as to depths of at least 300 m. The diet consists of crabs, shrimps, molluscs (bivalves, gastropods, chitons, and octopus), echinoderms and fishes. Food is generally consumed whole; the stomach is capable of considerable expansion.

Toadfishes are circumglobal in tropical to temperate seas; there are about 70 species in 19 genera, with 14 species from 4 genera in our region.


References
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  • Günther, A., 1864., Report of a collection of fishes made by Messrs. Dow, Godman and Salvin in Guatemala. Part first., Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1864(1):144-154.
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  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1882., List of Fishes now in the Museum of Yale College, Collected by Prof. Frank H. Bradley, at Panama, with Descriptions of Three New Species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5:620-632.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1883., List of the fishes now in the museum of Yale College, collected by Prof. Frank H. Bradley at panama, with descriptions of three new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5(1882):620-632.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1887., Description of a new species of Thalassophryne (Thalassophryne dowi) from Punta Arenas and Panama., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 10:388.
  • Kendall , W.C. and Radcliffe, L., 1912., The shore fishes. Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer ALBATROSS, from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garret, U.S.N., Commanding. XXV., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 35(3):75-171.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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