Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
GOLDFISH
Carp; Crucian Carp; Golden Carp; Native Carp; Prussian Carp; Neocarassius ventricosus Castelnau, 1872; Cyprinus auratus Linnaeus, 1758
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Cyprinidae   Carassius

Links
go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 500 Can't connect to nis.gsmfc.org:80 (Bad hostname) http://nis.gsmfc.org/nis_factsheet.php?toc_id=170

Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
   Top | See original

http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/1bf24d7e-3b21-4aba-9ea1-df66908afcf4/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/1bf24d7e-3b21-4aba-9ea1-df66908afcf4/
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 500 Can't connect to biodiversity.org.au:443 https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/1bf24d7e-3b21-4aba-9ea1-df66908afcf4/

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

Not found!
 
   
 Order   
 Family   
 Genus   
       []   
Provider:  
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Citation:
Name Code:
  
Suggested Link  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
user unknown
2008-11-29 U/L
 
張琦敏
2009-07-22 U/L
 
廖仲軒
2009-08-22 U/L
 
周敬庭
2011-07-27 U/L
 
呂家麒
2011-09-14 U/L
 
施禮正
2011-11-11 U/L
 
李立凡(Allen Lee)
2011-12-29 U/L
 
簡崇任
2012-06-12 U/L
 
簡崇任
2012-06-12 U/L
 
簡崇任
2012-06-12 U/L
 
簡崇任
2012-06-12 U/L
 
簡崇任
2012-06-12 U/L
 
簡崇任
2012-06-12 U/L
 
簡崇任
2012-06-14 U/L
 
簡崇任
2012-06-14 U/L
 
曾泓傅
2012-07-13 U/L

陳育賢 (cyst007@pchome.com.tw) 2009-07-29 21:32:35    [modify]
還有我(陳育賢)拍的那張。
此外,所有"本處同仁"請都改為"陽明山國家公園管理處員工" (380625)
 
Previous Page       Home Page

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Carassius auratus auratus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Carassius auratus auratus
Carassius auratus auratus
Goldfish
ID: 0091 3183 0935 0105 [detail]
John H. Tashjian
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from FishBase
   Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Carassius&speciesname=auratus ---> http://www.fishbase.se/summary/Carassius-auratus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Carassius auratus   (Linnaeus, 1758)

Goldfish Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Stamps, Coins | Google image Image of Carassius auratus (Goldfish) Carassius auratus
Picture by Winter, T.J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Cyprininae
Etymology: Carassius: Latinization of , karass, karausche, European crucian carp (Ref. 45335 ) ;   auratus: From the words carassius --Latin of karass (common name for these fishes in Eurasia) and auratus , meaning gilded (Ref. 10294 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19; potamodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 6898 ).   Subtropical; 0°C - 41°C (Ref. 35682 ); 53°N - 22°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: central Asia and China (Ref. 7050 ) and Japan (Ref. 6390 ). Introduced throughout the world. Asian form of the goldfish (Ref. 1739 ). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 48.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27549 ); common length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9987 ); max. reported age: 41 years (Ref. 72468 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 3 - 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-20; Anal spines : 2-3; Anal soft rays : 4 - 7; Vertebrae : 30. Body stout, thick-set, caudal peduncle thick and short (Ref. 1998 ). Head without scales (Ref. 39167 , 1998 ), broadly triangular (Ref. 1998 ), interorbital space broad, snout longer than eye diameter, maxillary reaching posterior nostril or not quite to eye (Ref. 39166 ), barbels lacking on upper jaw (Ref. 39104 , 1998 ). Lateral line complete. Dorsal and anal fins with serrate bony spines, pelvic fins short, broad and thoracic. Nuptial tubercles of male fine, on opercle, sometimes on back and a few on pectoral fins. Hybridize readily with carp, hybrids intermediate in most characteristics (Ref. 1998 ). Caudal fin with 17-19 rays (Ref. 2196 ). Last simple anal ray osseous and serrated posteriorly; no barbels (Ref. 43281 ). Pigmentation: Wild-caught specimens, olive brown (Ref. 39168 , 39104 ), slate olive, olive green, with a bronze sheen (Ref. 39104 ), silvery, grayish yellowish, gray-silver (Ref. 39169 ), through gold (often with black blotches) to creamy white (Ref. 1998 ); yellowish white or white below. Cultured forms vary through scarlet, red-pink, silver, brown, white, black and combinations of these colors (Ref. 39104 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit rivers, lakes, ponds and ditches (Ref. 5258 , 10294 ) with stagnant or slow-flowing water (Ref. 30578 ). Occur in eutrophic waters, well vegetated ponds and canals (Ref. 59043 ). Live better in cold water. Feed mainly on plankton, benthic invertebrates, plant material and detritus (Ref. 59043 ). Goldfish lay eggs on submerged vegetation. Females spawn multiple times during the spawning period (Ref. 88808 ). Oviparous, with pelagic larvae. They last long in captivity (Ref. 7248 ). Maximum recorded salinity is 17 ppt (Ref. 39171 ), but unable to withstand prolonged exposure above 15 ppt (Ref. 39172 , 39174 ). Used as an experimental species (Ref. 4537 ). Valued as ornamental fish for ponds and aquaria; edible but rarely eaten (Ref. 9987 ). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 100 cm (Ref. 51539 ). Reported individual hooked by an angler in a lake in Poole, Dorset measured 40 cm (16 in), weighing 2.3 kg (Practical Fishkeeping, 2010).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Cold water temperatures during the winter months are necessary for proper ova development (Ref. 44091 ). Spawning takes place in shallow water among weeds, often where willow roots grow exposed in water (Ref. 39171 ), also meadows inundated by spring flood (Ref. 39176 ). Spawning activity begin just before dawn (Ref. 39168 ), to midafternoon (Ref. 39177 ). Individual fish spawn 3-10 lots of eggs at intervals of 8-10 days (Ref. 39180 ). Juveniles need high temperature to grow. Eggs are sticky, attached to water plants or submerged objects (Ref. 59043 ). Females spawn multiple times during the spawning period (Ref. 88808 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo , 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: highly commercial; bait: occasionally FAO(Aquaculture: production ; fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Bio-Quiz | E-book | Field guide | Identification keys | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.01109 - 0.01496), b=3.02 (2.98 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  2.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.17; tm=1; tmax=30). Prior r = 0.4, 2 SD range = 0.17 - 0.95, log(r) = -0.92, SD log(r) = 0.43, Based on: 4 tgen, 1 tmax, 6 Fec records Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Torres, Armi G. Fish Forum
Comments & Corrections
Sign our Guest Book Back to Search Random Species Back to Top
Accessed through: Not available FishBase mirror site : Stockholm, Sweden Page last modified by : mrius-barile - 20 July 2016
Total processing time for the page : 0.6588 seconds

Updated: 2017-09-25 22:29:58 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation