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Cedrus Trew
CEDAR
Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae

Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani

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Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani
Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani

Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani
Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani

Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani
Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani

Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani
Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani

Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani
Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani

Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani
Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani

Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani
Cedrus libani
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cedrus libani
Kinds

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Ehrhornia cupressi @ CSCA_TCN (1)

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Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
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Distribution: Cedrus atlantica in red, C. brevifolia in blue and C. libani in purple ( Vidakovic 1991 ).

photograph

" Cedrus libani 'glauca' , autochthone stand, Ciglikara Ormani in the vicinity of Elmali, Turkey, at 1900 m elevation" ( Vidakovic 1991 ).

photo

Cedrus deodara in Chitral Gol National Park, Pakistan [Vladimir Dinets, 2004.10].

photograph

Foliage and dehiscent cones on an ornamental specimen in Seattle (USA) [C.J. Earle, 1999.02].

 

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Cedrus

Trew 1757

Common names

Cedar [English]; Κέδρος [Greek]; الأرز [Arabic]; cedro [Italian, Spanish]; ཐང་ཁྲག [Tibetan]; sedir [Turkish]. A great many species in the Cupressaceae are also commonly referred to as cedars (in English), so species of Cedrus are sometimes called 'true cedars'.

Taxonomic notes

A genus of two to four species, of which C. deodara is generally agreed to be sister to a clade containing the other three taxa. Those taxa are here treated as species, viz.:

Description

"Evergreen, tall, monoecious trees. Crown broad with erect or bent top. Branches not in whorls. Bark on young trees smooth and gray, eventually furrowed and scaly, dark gray. Shoots of two kinds: long terminal shoots bearing solitary and spirally arranged needles, and short shoots with tufts of needles. Buds small, ovate, enveloped with few scales. Leaves persisting for 3-6 years, on short shoots tough, acuminate, 3-sided with 2 marginal resin ducts. Flowers in inflorescences, terminal on the short shoots, appearing during late July and August, fully developed during late September and early October; male flowers in erect catkins, up to 5 cm long, pollen grains golden-yellow, wingless; female flowers in erect, 1-1.5 cm long cone-like inflorescences, reddish, ovate, composed of numerous scales and surrounded by needles at the base. Cones erect, ovate to cylindrical, 5-10 cm long, maturing in the second or third year when they break up; seed scales closely overlapping, broader than long, woody, each with 2 ovules at the base; bract scales invisible. Seed large, irregularly triangular, light brown, resinous, with a large wing. Cotyledons 8-10. Chromosomes n=12" ( Vidakovic 1991 ).

Distribution and Ecology

Mountains of the S and SE Mediterranean and the W Himal ( Vidakovic 1991 ).

Big tree

Cedrus deodara attains sizes over 450 cm DBH, the largest stem diamater recorded in the Pinaceae. Three species vie for the tallest specimen: 45 m for C. deodara , 43 m for C. libani and 45.6 m for C. atlantica . Given the paucity of data, any of these species may qualify as the tallest.

Oldest

There are few data for any of the species, and as is often the case, the oldest ages have the lowest reliability. It seems that C. deodara may attain 900 years. Ages of over 1,000 years have been reported for C. libani , but without supporting data.

Dendrochronology

Some work has been done with both C. atlantica and C. deodara . As of 2007.11, I have found no records of work on the other species.

Ethnobotany

All species are used in construction and cabinetry, and all are widely planted as ornamentals in temperate areas. C. libani probably has the greatest cultural importance, having been used and revered within its range for millennia.

Observations

See the species accounts. All species are widely planted in arboreta and botanical gardens.

Remarks

Κέδρος is the Greek name for a resinous tree ( Vidakovic 1991 ).

Citations

Trew, C.J. 1757. Cedrorum libani historia cum illo Laricis, Abietus Pinique comparatus . Nurnberg.

See also

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Copyright 2017 The Gymnosperm Database

Edited by Christopher J. Earle


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Last Modified 2017-09-16

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CEDRU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CEDRU
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CEDRU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CEDRU
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CEDRU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CEDRU
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Cedrus Trew
cedar

Image of Cedrus

General Information
Symbol: CEDRU
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration:  
Growth Habit :  
Native Status : L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cedrus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Cedrus Trew – cedar

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 species of Cedrus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Cedrus deodara</i>
(Roxb.) G. Don f.
Cedrus deodara
Deodar cedar Distribution of <i>
Cedrus libani</i>
A. Rich. [excluded]
Cedrus libani

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEDRU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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