Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
TEMUCHUT
  Monocotyledoneae   Poaceae   Chrysopogon

Chrysopogon aciculatus, leaf bottom
© Tomas Pickering and Graham Wyatt, 2006 · 9
Chrysopogon aciculatus, leaf bottom

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Chrysopogon aciculatus, leaf bottom stem
© Tomas Pickering and Graham Wyatt, 2006 · 8
Chrysopogon aciculatus, leaf bottom stem

Chrysopogon aciculatus, leaves and flowers
© Tomas Pickering and Graham Wyatt, 2006 · 0
Chrysopogon aciculatus, leaves and flowers

Chrysopogon aciculatus, flowers
© Tomas Pickering and Graham Wyatt, 2006 · 0
Chrysopogon aciculatus, flowers

Chrysopogon aciculatus, flower
© Tomas Pickering and Graham Wyatt, 2006 · 0
Chrysopogon aciculatus, flower

Chrysopogon aciculatus, flower
© Tomas Pickering and Graham Wyatt, 2006 · 0
Chrysopogon aciculatus, flower
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Names
Scientific source:

Supported by
Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Clavicipitaceae  Ephelis japonica @ BPI (2)
Glomosporiaceae  Sorosporium tumefaciens @ BPI (1)
Ustilaginaceae  Sporisorium andropogonis-aciculati @ BPI (3)

Ustilago balansae @ BPI (1)
_  Nigrospora sphaerica @ BPI (1)

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Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Chrysopogon aciculatus
(Retz.) Trin., Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?   yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?   no

Other Latin names:   Andropogon acicularis Retz. ex Roem. & Schult.; Andropogon aciculatus Retz.; Rhaphis acicularis (Retz. ex Roem. & Schult.) Desv.; Rhaphis aciculata (Retz.) Honda

Common name(s): [ more details ]

Bontoc : dalekédek, dalukdúk

Chamorro : inifuk, palaii

Chinese : zhu jie cao

Chuukese : fatil, puker

English : golden beardgrass, golden false beard grass, lesser spear grass, lovegrass, Mackie's pest, needle grass, pilipiliula, seed grass, spear grass

Fijian : kase

French : herbe à piquant, herbe plate, piquant

Hawaiian : mānienie ‘ula, pi‘ipi‘i, pilipili ‘ula

Mangarevan : tata magu

Maori (Cook Islands) : matie ‘enua, matie kura, matie piripiri, mauku ko‘eko‘e, piripiri, tama ‘enua, taukura, taukura, tuakura, tuakura, tuakura, tumu ‘enua

Niuean : mosie fisi, motie fisi

Palauan : iul

Pohnpeian : reh-takai

Samoan : mutia vao

Spanish : amor-seco

Tagalog : marisékos, marískos, tinlói

Tahitian : papapa

Tongan : matamanu, matapeka, matapekapeka

Ulithian : fadel

Yapese : korar

Habit:   grass

Description:   "Perennial [ grass ], stolons extensively creeping, covered with imbricate scale-like old sheaths, sending up numerous sterile leafy shoots; culms 15-25 cm tall, ascending or erect from a decumbent base.  Sheaths 1-3 cm long or the uppermost up to 6 cm long, striate, sometimes purple-tinged, imbricate, sparsely pilose at throat and along margins; ligule a densely ciliate ridge ca 0.2 mm long; blades 2-8 cm long, 3-5 mm wide, the uppermost nearly obsolete, margins scabrous and sparsely serrate, sparsely papillose-hispid near base, thin, glossy, often undulate.  Panicles reddish purple, narrowly elliptic, 3-6 cm long, the branches " whorled, 0.5-1.5 cm long, slender, stiffly ascending or appressed; spikelet clusters 6-8 mm long, disarticulating from the pedicel or branch by a long oblique callus extending down 1 side as a brown, appressed hispidulous ridge ca. 5 mm long, callus forming a retrorsely bearded, barbed point; sessile spikelet 3-4 mm long, acute, glabrous, hispidulous-scabrous on upper margins, callus pubescent, oblique, ca. 4 mm long, first glume lanceolate, dorsally flattened, ca. 3.8 mm long, 2-nerved, bifid, scabrid-setose, margins revolute, second glume narrowly boat-shaped, ca. 3.4 mm long, 3-nerved, the midnerve prolonged into a short, scabrid-setose awn ca. 0.8 mm long, margins delicately hyaline, pubescent, first lemma ca. 2.8 mm long, delicately hyaline, margins pubescent, second lemma 2.5-3 mm long, narrow, delicately hyaline, tapering into an awn ca. 5 mm long, palea delicately hyaline, oblong-acute, ca. 1.6 mm long; pedicellate spikelets purple, pedicels 2-3 mm long, hispidulous at apex, glumes ca. 5 mm long, scabrous at apex, acuminate or awn-pointed, first floret sterile, second floret staminate, lemmas about equal, awnless, shorter than glumes.  Caryopsis oblong, ca. 2 mm long"  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 1516-1517).

Description from GrassBase .

Habitat/ecology:   To 600 m in French Polynesia (Welsh, 1998; p. 331).  In Hawai‘i, "indigenous or a very early introduction, often common in dry, exposed areas, usually on slopes and ridges, 15-520 m"  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 1516-1517).  In Fiji, "very common throughout the archipelago..., occurring from sea level to about 900 m. on open hillsides, roadsides, seashores, and in lawns and pastures"  (Smith, 1979; p. 378). In Tonga, "a common weed in open grassy areas" (Yuncker, 1959; pp. 66-67). In New Caledonia, "introduit depuis très longtemps, maintenant commun en pâturages maigres et bords de chemins. Ne semble pas avoir été récolté aux Loyauté" (MacKee, 1994; p. 58).

Propagation:   Sharp spiked seeds carried in fur, feathers, or clothing.

Native range:   Tropical Malaysia and into the Pacific; Southern India, Southern China. Probably a native in some parts of the Pacific and an early introduction elsewhere. "Tropical parts of Asia, Malesia, Australia, and into the Pacific" (Smith, 1979; p. 378).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St.  &
Island group
Location Cited status  &
Cited as invasive  &
Cited as cultivated  &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference  &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 163)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 44)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 163)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990)
Voucher cited: Whistler 3324
American Samoa
Swain's Island
Swain's Island   Whistler, W. A. (1983) (p. 17)
Voucher cited: Whistler 3369
American Samoa
Swain's Island
Swain's Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 430382)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 34)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 163)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1921) (voucher ID: BISH 123785)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 123786)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 11)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island native
Ohba, T. (1994) (p. 64)
Voucher cited: CBM-BS-58821
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Asuncion Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Asuncion Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 2296 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Guguan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Guguan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 1809 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 11)
Vouchers cited: Angerson 516 (US, BISH,Fo, NY, L), Bonham 30 (US, Fo), Fosberg 34412 (US), Moore 411 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island native
Ohba, T. (1994) (p. 64)
Voucher cited: CBM-BS-59043
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1954) (voucher ID: BISH 567771)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 697541)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 697542)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 123803)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island native
Ohba, T. (1994) (p. 64)
Voucher cited: CBM-BS-58911
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 123802)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 697540)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. Field notes.)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. Field notes.)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. Field notes.)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. Field notes.)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. Field notes.)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. Field notes.)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 123772)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 123773)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Chuuk Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 123816)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Chuuk Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1993) (voucher ID: BISH 633367)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fefan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fefan Island native
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (p. 31)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 123805)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Murilo (Mwiriné) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namoluk (Nómwunuuk) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namoluk (Nómwunuuk) Atoll   Marshall, Mae/Fosberg, F. R. (1975) (p. 26)
Voucher cited: Marshall 20 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namonuito (Namonweito, Nómwun Wiité) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll native
Manner, H. I./Mallon, E. (1989) (p. 35)
Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 180 (GUAM)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island native
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (p. 31)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 123807)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Ulalu (Romonum) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island native
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (p. 31)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1935) (voucher ID: BISH 123808)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island native
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Waguk, Erick E. (2000) (p. 30)
Voucher: BMW 5778 (BISH, BRI)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Josekutty, P. C./Wakuk, E. E./Joseph, M. J. (2002) (p. 62)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Glassman, S. F. (1952) (p. 126)
Voucher cited: Ledermann 13588a (BISH)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island native
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 55)
Vouchers cited: T.W. Flynn 6202 (BISH, K, PTBG, US), C. Ledermann 13588a (BISH), K.R. Wood 13503 (PTBG)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1997) (voucher ID: BISH 653244)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 26689)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Fais Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Fais Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Evans, M. (1969) (p. 3)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 46659 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Tomil Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 123797)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 81533)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 81542)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 81647)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 123809)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 123814)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1948) (voucher ID: BISH 123815)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Fiji Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1928) (voucher ID: BISH 123793)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kanathea Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Koro Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Mango Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Matuku Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Mbatiki Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Mbengga Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Voucher cited: DA 9072
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Moala Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Moturiki Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ngau Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Rotuma Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 612249)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Totoya Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Vouchers cited: DA 5025, DA 8757, DA 8851
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1954) (voucher ID: BISH 31579)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vatulele Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island possibly native
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 378)
Vouchers cited: DA 8225, DA 10707, Smith 4341, DA 2447, DA 3497, DA 7986, Smith 9453, DA 8648, DA 7938, DA 7900, DA 7304, DA 8422, DA 9341, DA 7671, DA 7783, DA 8596
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1957) (voucher ID: BISH 31578)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 123791)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 123792)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Aukena Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Aukena Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 7)
Voucher cited: St. John 14641 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Makaroa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Makaroa Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 7)
Vouchers cited: Quayle & Curtis 453 (BISH), St. John 14744 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 7)
Vouchers cited: Agassiz 86 (GH), St. John 14535 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 7)
Vouchers cited: Quayle & Curtis 478 (BISH), St. John 14788 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: S.P. Perlman & K.R. Wood 14998 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2015) (voucher ID: PTBG 22482)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus ( Retz. ) Trin.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 40431)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Mohotani (Mohotane, Mohotane) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2004) (voucher ID: PTBG 43297)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4194 (PAP), B. Toutain 4240 (PAP), K.R. Wood & J.-Y. Meyer 6348 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 27327)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island native
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2004) (voucher ID: PTBG 42208)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 331)
Voucher cited: Grant 4864
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence & R. Tahuaitu 11640 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 643955)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   University of California (2006)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 331)
Vouchers cited: Moore 102, BRY 26060
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: P. Morat 6944 (PAP), P. Morat 6950 (PAP), J. Florence 10342 (PAP), J. Florence 10419 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 640883)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 642439)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 99)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 331)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4468 (PAP), J. Florence & S. Jourdan 10726 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 558172)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 3081 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 492121)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 5791 (PAP), J. Florence & W.R. Sykes 11293 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 552845)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 644231)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6264 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 5516 (PAP), J. Florence 5951 (PAP), J. Florence 6070 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 543332)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 553127)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 229)
Voucher cited: Stone 4051 (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1967) (voucher ID: BISH 23033)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 123800)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 123801)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1911) (voucher ID: BISH 123810)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BISH 123811)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 697543)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island probably native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1516-1517)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island probably native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1516-1517)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island probably native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1516-1517)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island probably native
Oppenheimer, Hank L./Meidell, J. Scott/Bartlett, R. T. (1999) (p. 9)
West Maui. Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H79707 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island probably native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1516-1517)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island probably native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1516-1517)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands   Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. Raymond (1990) (p. 33)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll possibly native
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (pp. 80-81)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 39277. Not seen on this survey and may no longer be present.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R. (1959) (p. 1)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 39277 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1957) (voucher ID: BISH 123799)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 49)
Rare
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
invasive
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 68)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 58625 (US), Fosberg 58709 (US), Thaman & Manner 82 (SUVA)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
invasive
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 380)
Commune en pâturages et lieux incultes.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 58)
Voucher cited: Vieillard 1487
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 123794)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Niue
Niue
Niue Island   Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 238)
Voucher cited: CHR 168773
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 48)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 7)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A./Atherton, J. (1997) (p. 54)
Polynesian or modern introduction.
Niue
Niue
Niue Island native
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (pp. 24-25)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 10065 (BISH)
"Common along roadsides and in waste areas".
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 16)
Native or Polynesian introduction.
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 17-18, 95)
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 625685)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island native
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 17-18, 84)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island native
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 21)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 595867)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1996) (voucher ID: BISH 650948)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1981) (voucher ID: BNM 3055)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1981) (voucher ID: BNM 3000)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island native
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 17-18, 80)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1966) (voucher ID: BNM 132)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1976) (voucher ID: BNM 10030)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island native
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 21)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 34)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island native
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 17-18, 90)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 17-18, 94)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1994) (voucher ID: BISH 659868)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago   Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 47)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (pp. 42-43)
In open places at low and medium altitudes, a veritable pest on account of its spikelets adhering to fur, clothing, etc.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 13)
Voucher: Flynn 6952 (PTBG, K, SAMOA)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1931) (voucher ID: BISH 123783)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1905) (voucher ID: BISH 123784)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 123788)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 272)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 13)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 123787)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1974) (voucher ID: BISH 417872)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1974) (voucher ID: BISH 418197)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Guadalcanal Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 509043)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Mikira (San Cristobal) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1966) (voucher ID: BISH 603570)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 89)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
invasive
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 57)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Ha‘afeva Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 640419)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Kotu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 440419)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Tofua Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 98)
Voucher cited: Scarth-Johnson 102
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (pp. 66-67)
"Common throughout Tonga".
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1921) (voucher ID: BISH 123789)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (pp. 66-67)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15416
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 123790)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 98)
Voucher cited: Ilolohia 131
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 66)
Vouchers cited: Hürlmann 26, Yuncker 15185
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 123781)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Late Island introduced
Sykes, W. R. (1981) (p. 352)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Tafahi Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 66)
Voucher cited: Hürlmann 529
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island native
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 65)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 98)
Voucher cited: Crosby 198
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 60)
Cited: Crosby.
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Burkill, I. H. (1900) (p. 61)
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Banks Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1974) (voucher ID: BISH 403524)
Taxon name on voucher: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of)   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 89)
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of)   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 98)
Voucher cited: Crosby 198
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 27)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis and Futuna Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 48)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St.  &
Island group
Location Cited status  &
Cited as invasive  &
Cited as cultivated  &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference  &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Dry open grasslands, waste ground, lawns; 500-1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 329)
In wasteland and open fields.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) native
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 26)
Common
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Dry open grasslands, waste ground, lawns; 500-1000 m.
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St.  &
Island group
Location Cited status  &
Cited as invasive  &
Cited as cultivated  &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference  &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Swarbrick, J. T. (1997) (p. 109)
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1993) (p. 38)

Comments:   An aggressive, noxious weed. Withstands trampling, poor soils and mowing. Sharp seeds can penetrate flesh and work their way in, causing festering sores; particularly hard on dogs (Stone, 1970; p. 229).

Native or early introduction throughout the region. Should not be introduced where it's not present.

A recent introduction to Sonsorol and Tobi islands, Palau (Space et al. , 2003).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 10 MAR 2013.

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Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.

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Graminae

Synonyms

Andropogon aciculatus Retz.

Common names

Mackie's pest, grass seed (Australia), love grass (Malaysia), manienieula (Hawaii), kase, seed grass (Fiji).

Description

A vigorous creeping grass with stout, tough rhizomes, the culms ascending to 45 cm. Inflorescence a small panicle, 7.5-10 cm long, with numerous slender branches. Spikelets narrow. Awn bristly, short and fine. The branches at first ascend almost vertically, spread obliquely at flowering and then bend upward again at fruiting. Each branch has three spikelets at its tip, one sessile and two pedicelled.

Distribution

Widely distributed in the tropics of Asia, Polynesia and Australia at low elevations.

Drought tolerance

It is fairly drought tolerant.

Soil requirements

Although occurring on neutral soils, it favours sandy acidic loams with pH 5.1-6.1. It prefers moist soils.

Response to defoliation

One of the few grasses which can stand heavy grazing in India (Bor, 1960). Under heavy grazing it replaced Arundinaria ciliata at Khon Kaen, Thailand (Robertson, Humphreys & Edwards, 1976).

Natural habitat

It is common on abandoned cultivations on poor sandy soils.

Genetics and reproduction

2n=20 (Fedorov, 1974).

Economics

An extremely common grass in village pasture in the plains of Asia because the prostrate, creeping stems resist overgrazing and trampling. Grazing animals suffer severely from the ripe fruits becoming attached to their hair by the sharp basal callus. By this means the fruit works its way into the flesh and causes extensive ulceration. Dogs frequently develop abscesses between the toes from the same cause, and germinating seeds of this grass can sometimes be pressed out of large bags of pus in the dog's flesh (Bor, 1960). Useful for rough lawns, forming a dense, hard-wearing turf, but a troublesome weed when uncontrolled because of the sharp-pointed seeds (Henty, 1969). A serious pest in north Queensland. The seeds work through clothing and cause irritating sores. It used to be used as a cover for coconut plantations in the Philippines, and in Guam the straw was used for making hats and mats. Probably represents the final stage in deterioration of the Phragmites/Saccharum/lmperata swamp grasslands in India (Dabadghao & Shankarnarayan, 1970).

Further reading

Dabadghao & Shankarnarayan, 1970.

Value for erosion control

Its creeping rhizome and its capacity to resist hard grazing makes it useful for stabilizing embankments and similar sites.

Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
   
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&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=5&page=534

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You have requested an unaccepted/invalid name entry, the corresponding accepted/valid name is presented here as the result.
 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Liliopsida  
 Order Poales  
 Family Poaceae  
 Genus Chrysopogon  
  Chrysopogon aciculatus    (Retz.) Trin., 1820 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Andropogon acicularis Andropogon aciculatus Andropogon aculeatus Andropogon javanicus Andropogon subulatus Centrophorum chinense Chrysopogon acicularis Chrysopogon aciculatus elatior Chrysopogon aciculatus longifolius Chrysopogon subulatus Chrysopogon trivialis details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 5: 534, 2000.; Flora of China Vol. 22(Poaceae). 2006.
Name Code: 201457
  
Suggested Link    Discover Life    National Plant Genetic Resources Center    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)  
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.
golden false beardgrass


General Information
Symbol: CHAC
Group: Monocot
Family: Poaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Graminoid
Native Status : HI   I
L48   I
PB   N
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images



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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family
Genus Chrysopogon Trin. – false beardgrass
Species Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin. – golden false beardgrass

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
United States : pilipiliula Noxious weed
Alabama pilipiliula Class A noxious weed
California pilipiliula Quarantine
Florida pilipiliula Noxious weed
Massachusetts pilipiliula Prohibited
Minnesota pilipiliula Prohibited noxious weed
North Carolina golden false beardgrass Class A noxious weed
Oregon pilipiliula Quarantine
South Carolina pilipiliula Plant pest
Vermont pilipiliula Class A noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Chrysopogon aciculatus Mackie's pest golden beardgrass inifuk matapekepeke pilipiliula seed grass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
US USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). 2012. Federal noxious weed list (1 February 2012). USDA, APHIS, PPQ. Washington, DC.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Hawaii FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CHAC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CHAC)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Treatment (CHAC)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Illustration (CHAC)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Map (CHAC)
Related Websites
FAO-Grassland Index (CHAC)
GU-Plant Threats to Pacific Ecosystems (CHAC)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Number of matches : 1
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Chrysopogon aciculatus
Chrysopogon aciculatus
ID: 4444 4444 0510 1039 [detail]
© 2010 Moorea Biocode

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