Cichlasoma citrinellum (Gunther, 1864)
MIDAS CICHLID
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Cichlidae   Cichlasoma


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Following modified from Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Cichlasoma&speciesname=citrinellum ---> http://www.fishbase.se/summary/Cichlasoma-citrinellum.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Amphilophus citrinellus   (Günther, 1864)

Midas cichlid Upload your photos  and  videos
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Amphilophus: Greek, amphi = on both sides + Greek, lophos = crest (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical; 23°C - 33°C (Ref. 7335 ); 15°N - 8°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Central America: Atlantic slope of Nicaragua and Costa Rica (San Juan River drainage, including Lakes Nicaragua, Managua, Masaya and Apoyo).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species coloration is mostly bright orange to orange-red in adults; mature males are of larger size, longer fins and with a distinct hump on their heads; aquarists usually refer to the lighter-colored, thin-lipped form as this species.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Lives in box-cut canals with rocky vertical sides, crevices used for spawning and protection of the young (Ref. 5723 ). Found in lakes; uncommon in the rivers but will penetrate the lower river valleys where the water is slow flowing or tranquil (Ref. 7335 ). Omnivorous, eating mostly aufwuchs, snails and small fishes (Ref. 7335 ); also feeds on insect larvae, worms and other bottom-dwelling organisms (Ref. 44091 ). Majority of this fish has normal cryptic coloration (black, gray or brown), matching the substrate for camouflage and survival purposes. About 10 % of this species is xanthomorphic, undergoing a color metamorphosis at varying stages of growth (Ref. 7335 ). An experimental fish being used for behavioral studies (Ref. 4537 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Spawn preferentially on the ceiling of natural caves (Ref. 38966 ). Deposit eggs on hard substrates, such as rocks or logs; both parents guarding the eggs and the fry for several weeks (Ref. 44091 ). 300-1000 eggs (Ref. 2060 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Kullander, S.O. , 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Bio-Quiz | E-book | Field guide | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.2   ±0.47 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=300-1,000). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Torres, Armi G. Fish Forum
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Updated: 2017-09-26 14:41:57 gmt
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