Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum (Günther, 1867)
CONVICT CICHLID
Zebra Cichlid; Heros nigrofasciatus Günther, 1867
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Cichlidae   Cichlasoma


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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/e8b95cf6-f315-4cdd-8808-9e4f75535b9a/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/e8b95cf6-f315-4cdd-8808-9e4f75535b9a/
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Cichlasoma&speciesname=nigrofasciatum ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Cichlasoma-nigrofasciatum.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Amatitlania nigrofasciata   (Günther, 1867)

Convict cichlid Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Videos     Google image
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid) Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Female picture by DATZ
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid) Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Male picture by DATZ
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid) Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Female picture by DATZ
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid) Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Juvenile picture by Hippocampus-Bildarchiv

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Amatitlania: Named for the type locality of the type species; 'Amatitlán' means 'a place abundant in amate' in Nahuatl, 'amate' is a kind of rustic paper made from the bark of Ficus petiolaris or Ficus indica . .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 20.   Tropical; 20°C - 36°C (Ref. 36880 ); 15°N - 8°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Central America: Pacific slope, from Río Sucio, El Salvador to Río Suchiate, Guatemala; Atlantic slope, from Río Patuca, Honduras to Río Jutiapa, Guatemala. Not in slope to Panama, Costa Rica or even Nicaragua, as formerly considered. Introduced elsewhere.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377 ); common length : 8.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 17 - 19; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-9; Anal spines : 8-10; Anal soft rays : 6 - 7; Vertebrae : 27 - 28. This species is distinguished by the following characters: two (vs. one) distal rows of interradial scales on anal fin; arms in the first epibranchial bone are parallel (vs. divergent); posterior end of dentigerous arm of dentary rounded or squarish (vs. triple-spined or bluntly pointed); peritoneal coloration is uniformly dark (vs. not uniformly dark); rostrad directed pronounced convexity on the ventral process of the articular absent (vs. present); body less deep than as compared with its congeners kanna and siquia ; 4th bar not Y-shaped (Ref. 74403 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit flowing water from small creeks and streams to the shallows of large and fast flowing rivers (Ref. 7335 ). Prefer rocky habitats and finds sanctuary in the various cracks and crevices provided by this type of environment (Ref. 7335 ), or among roots and debris (Ref. 44091 ). They occur in warm pools of springs and their effluents (Ref. 7020 ). Feed on worms, crustaceans, insects, fish and plant matter (Refs. 7020; 44091 ). Also used in behavioral studies (Ref. 4537 ). Approximately 100-150 eggs are deposited and are vigorously guarded and cared for by both male and female (Ref. 44091 ). A popular aquarium fish which requires high temperature to maintain itself in an environment, e.g. artificially heated waters of power stations. Aquarium keeping: in pairs; minimum aquarium size 80 cm (Ref. 51539 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Lays eggs on cleaned surfaces of rocks. Parents incubate eggs and guard young. Tends and fans the embryos and free embryos and transfers them several times into new pits excavated in the bottom using its mouth (huddling) (Ref. 34155 ). Dark cavities are preferred as nests to conceal the brood and make them less conspicuous to visual predators (Ref. 38966 ). When in caves, single entrances are favored to reduce the probability of intrusion and are probably more manageable for the females in terms of defending their brood (Ref. 38966 ). Approximately 100-150 eggs are deposited and are vigorously guarded and cared for by both male and female (Ref. 44091 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Schmitter-Soto, J.J. , 2007. A systematic revision of the genus Archocentrus (Perciformes: Cichlidae), with the description of two new genera and six new species. Zootaxa 1603:1-78. (Ref. 74403 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest (Ref. 44091 )




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: highly commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
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Ecology
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Common names
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Eggs
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Age/Size
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Length-weight
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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.3   ±0.45 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1 and multiple spawning events per year; Fec=100-150). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
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