Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl
CAMPHOR LAUREL
Laurus camphora L; Camphortree; Camphor Tree; Camphor-tree
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Lauraceae   Cinnamomum

Links

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia gibberosa @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia @ BPI (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (1)

Diplodia natalensis @ BPI (1)

Diplodia @ BPI (2)
Cyphellaceae  Cyphella mellea @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium camphorae @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium intermedium @ BPI (2)

Gloeosporium @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Aonidiella aurantii @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Chrysomphalus dictyospermi @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Hemiberlesia lataniae @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Parlatoria oleae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Parlatoria pergandii @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Elsinoaceae  Elsinoe cinnamomi @ BPI (12)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (1)
Exobasidiaceae  Exobasidium sawadae @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum gloeosporioides @ 397581A (1); 397581B (1); BPI (2)

Glomerella cingulata @ BPI (1)
Marasmiaceae  Marasmius galeatus @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Gn_orthotylinigp12 sp_003 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Epicoccum nigrum @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus lignosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus mollissimus @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Clitocybe tabescens @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora @ BPI (1)
_  Aplosporella seriata @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus cinnamomi @ BPI (2)

Pyrenochaeta lauri @ BPI (1)

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Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Cinnamomum camphora
(L.) J.Presl, Lauraceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?   yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?   no

Risk assessment results:   High risk, score: 7.5 ( Go to the risk assessment )

Common name(s): [ more details ]

Chinese : zhang

English : camphor, camphor laurel, camphor tree, Japanese camphor, Japanese camphortree

French : camphre, camphrier

Japanese : kusu, kusu-no-ki, kusuno-ki

Korean : nognamu

Pohnpeian : madeu en wai

Spanish : alcanfor, alcanforero

Habit:   tree

Description:   "Evergreen large trees , up to 30 m tall, to 3 m d.b.h.; corona broadly ovate; whole plant strongly camphor-scented. Bark yellow-brown, irregularly and longitudinally fissured. Branchlets brownish, terete, glabrous. Terminal buds broadly ovoid; bud scales broadly ovate or suborbicular, sparsely sericeous outside. Leaves alternate; petiole slender, 2-3 cm, concave-convex, glabrous; leaf blade yellow-green or gray-green and glaucous abaxially, green or yellow-green and shiny adaxially, ovate-elliptic, 6-12 x  2.5-5.5 cm, subleathery, glabrous on both surfaces or sparsely puberulent abaxially only when young, triplinerved or sometimes inconspicuously 5-nerved, midrib conspicuous on both surfaces, lateral veins 1-5 (-7) pairs, basal veins with a few additional veins outside, axils of lateral veins and veins conspicuously dome-shaped and always villous abaxially, conspicuously bullate adaxially, base broadly cuneate or subrounded, margin cartilaginous, entire or sometimes undulate, apex acute. Panicle axillary, 3.5-7 cm; peduncle 2.5-4.5 cm, peduncle and rachis glabrous or gray- to yellow-brown puberulent especially on node. Pedicels 1-2 mm, glabrous. Flowers green-white or yellowish, ca. 3 mm. Perianth glabrous or puberulent outside, densely pubescent inside; perianth tube obconical, ca. 1 mm; perianth lobes elliptic, ca. 2 mm. Fertile stamens 9, ca. 2 mm; filaments pubescent. Ovary ovoid, ca. 1 mm, glabrous; style ca. 1 mm. Fruit purple-black, ovoid or subglobose, 6-8 mm in diameter; perianth cup in fruit cupuliform, ca. 5 mm, longitudinally sulcate, base ca. 1 mm wide, apex truncate and up to 4 mm wide." ( Flora of China online ).

Habitat/ecology:   "Rain forests, riparian habitats, bushland, wet sclerophyll forests.  The tree has an excellent adaptation to disturbed sites and easily becomes naturalized where planted.  The tree forms single-dominant stands that delay or preclude native rainforest regeneration"  (Weber, 2003; p. 107).  Develops extensive monospecific stands which prevent regeneration of native trees and shrubs.

In New Caledonia, "cette espèce introduite s'acclimate et puisse se multiplier spontanément" (Kostermans, 1974; p. 29). In Queensland, Australia, "extensive monospecific stands have developed along the banks of creeks and rivers preventing regeneration of native tree and shrub species.  It is particularly well-adapted to areas formerly covered by rainforest."  (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 100).  In the Blue Mountains, Australia, "invades moist bushland slopes and gullies, creating dense shade, competing with and taking over from native species, and continuing to inhibit their regeneration even after its removal"  ( Weeds of Blue Mountains bushland ).

Propagation:   Seeds dispersed by frugivorous birds and also by water. Seeds voided by birds germinate readily and remain viable for up to three years. (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 100).

Native range:   Japan (including Ryukyu Islands), Taiwan (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St.  &
Island group
Location Cited status  &
Cited as invasive  &
Cited as cultivated  &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference  &
Comments
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island introduced
Pickard, J. (1984) (p. 207)
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 20)
Voucher cited: J. Pickard 3456 (NSW)
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Norfolk Islands
Norfolk Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 20)
"On Norfolk Is. according to W.R.Sykes ( Annual J. Roy. New Zealand Inst. Hort . 8: 53, 1980) it occurs in the Hundred Acre Reserve, where it 'spreads extensively from suckers' - presumably from planted trees".
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island cultivated
Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 151356)
Taxon name on voucher: Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 665314)
Taxon name on voucher: Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1985) (voucher ID: PTBG 37293)
Taxon name on voucher: Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 80)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 103)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (p. 122)
Voucher cited: DA 8302
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 40854)
Taxon name on voucher: Cinnamomum camphora
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
cultivated
Falanruw, Marjorie C./Maka, Jean E./Cole, Thomas G./Whitesell, Craig D. (1990) (pp. 146-147)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 9907 (PAP)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1989) (voucher ID: BISH 601495)
Taxon name on voucher: Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
cultivated
Falanruw, Marjorie C./Maka, Jean E./Cole, Thomas G./Whitesell, Craig D. (1990) (pp. 146-147)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 132)
Voucher cited: Grant 4348
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Falanruw, Marjorie C./Maka, Jean E./Cole, Thomas G./Whitesell, Craig D. (1990) (pp. 146-147)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 282)
Rare if still present.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 80)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1954) (voucher ID: BISH 151361)
Taxon name on voucher: Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 151362)
Taxon name on voucher: Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 846)
Occasional escape.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 846)
Occasional escape.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 846)
Occasional escape.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 846)
Voucher cited: MacDaniels 371 (BISH)
Occasional escape.
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 71)
Vouchers cited: MacKee 23935, Suprin 549
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
cultivated
Sykes, W. R. (1977) (p. 111)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
cultivated
Sykes, W. R./West, C. J. (1996) (p. 459)
Died out naturally.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St.  &
Island group
Location Cited status  &
Cited as invasive  &
Cited as cultivated  &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference  &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 100)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 100)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated in valleys and on mountain slopes. South of Chang Jiang river.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 42)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
North Korea
North Korea
North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Korea
South Korea
South Korea (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 26)
Cultivated only
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St.  &
Island group
Location Cited status  &
Cited as invasive  &
Cited as cultivated  &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference  &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Cultivé/±envahissant"
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St.  &
Island group
Location Cited status  &
Cited as invasive  &
Cited as cultivated  &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference  &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)

Comments:   Planted for the fragrant wood, from which oil of camphor may be extracted. A problem species in Florida and Australia. In Queensland, it is considered to be the most important threat to the conservation of remnant native forests (Garraty, cited in Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 100).

Planting of this species is prohibited in Miami-Dade County, Florida (U.S.) (Miami-Dade County Dept. of Planning and Zoning, 2010).

Control:  

Physical:   "Control of this tree on cultivated ground has relied on intensive grazing.  Seedlings can be hand removed".

Chemical:   "Cutting trees requires treating the cut stumps with herbicides because of rapid regeneration from stumps.  Young plants can be treated with 2,4-D esters and 2,4,5-T.  Larger plants can be killed by a basal bark or cut stump application of the same herbicides"  (Weber, 2003; p. 107).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 4 JUL 2012.

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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Laurales  
 Family Lauraceae  
 Genus Cinnamomum  
  Cinnamomum camphora  
  (L.) Presl.  var.  nominale  Hayata ex Matsum. & Hayata 1906 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 2: 440, 1996
Name Code: 203592
  
Suggested Link    Discover Life    National Plant Genetic Resources Center    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)    Ethnobiota of Taiwan  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl
camphortree

Image of Cinnamomum camphora

General Information
Symbol: CICA
Group: Dicot
Family: Lauraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : HI   I
L48   I
PR   I
VI   I
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cinnamomum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, Sacramento, Goethe Arboretum. June 3, 2003. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL. 1963. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL, Gainesville. 1961. Usage Requirements .

Y. Harris. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . Japan. Usage Requirements .

Y. Harris. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . Japan. 1904. Usage Requirements .

W.F. Hill. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL. 1922. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AL. 1926. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL, Choctawhatchee National Forest, Camp Pinchot Ranger Station. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CACA52 Camphora camphora (L.) Karst., nom. inval.
LACA12 Laurus camphora L.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Laurales
Family Lauraceae – Laurel family
Genus Cinnamomum Schaeff. – cinnamon
Species Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl – camphortree

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Cinnamomum camphora camphor laurel camphor tree This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
FLEPPC Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1999. Invasive plant list . Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Florida.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. 1999. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. Makawao, Hawaii.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean UPL
Hawaii UPL
North America
Arid West UPL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain UPL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains UPL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast UPL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CICA)
Flora of North America (CICA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CACA52)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CICA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LACA12)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (CICA)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CICA)
Related Websites
GU-Plant Threats to Pacific Ecosystems (CICA)
Trees & Landscaping images (CICA)
Tsukuba Botanical Garden: image (CICA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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1. Cinnamomum camphora (Linnaeus) J. Presl in F. Berchtold & J. S. Presl, Prir. Rostlin. 2: 47. 1825.

Camphor tree

Laurus camphora Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 369. 1753; Camphora camphora (Linnaeus) H. Karsten

Trees , to 15 m. Branches terete, glabrous, terminal and axillary buds covered by imbricate bracts, young twigs with clusters of scars from fallen bracts. Leaves alternate; petiole to 3 cm. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, with (1-)3 primary veins, 7-12 × 3-5 cm, base rounded to cuneate, apex sharply acute; surfaces glabrous except for pubescent domatia in axils of main lateral veins. Flowers: tepals greenish white, 1-2 mm, glabrous abaxially, pubescent adaxially; stamens arranged in outer whorl of 6 (actually 2 whorls of 3) and inner whorl of 3. Drupe to 9 mm diam. 2 n = 24.

Flowering spring (Apr-May). Moist subtropical areas, including the Gulf Coast; 0-150 m; introduced; Ala., Miss., Fla., Ga., La., N.C., S.C., Tex.; native, e Asia.

Cinnamomum camphora is naturalized locally in the flora. Its crushed leaves have a strong smell of camphor. This species yields commercial camphor.

The name Cinnamomum camphora (Linnaeus) T. Nees & C. H. Ebermaier is nomenclaturally invalid.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 17
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Cinnamomum camphora%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
Camphor Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0116 2074 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
Camphor Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0116 2075 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
Camphor Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0116 2077 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
Camphor Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0116 2078 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 0316 2552 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 0316 3255 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 0316 3256 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 0316 3257 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 0316 3434 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 0316 3435 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 0416 0419 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1656 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 0716 3598 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 0816 1288 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 1216 3894 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 0117 1597 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
ID: 0000 0000 0317 1542 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

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