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Hemiramphidae
HALFBEAKS
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Hyporhamphus snyderi
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hyporhamphus snyderi
Hyporhamphus naos
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hyporhamphus naos

Hyporhamphus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hyporhamphus
Hyporhamphus naos
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hyporhamphus naos

Hyporhamphus rosae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hyporhamphus rosae
Euleptorhamphus viridis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Euleptorhamphus viridis

Euleptorhamphus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Euleptorhamphus
Hemiramphus saltator
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hemiramphus saltator

Hemiramphus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hemiramphus
Hemiramphus saltator
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hemiramphus saltator

Oxyporhamphus
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Oxyporhamphus
Oxyporhamphus micropterus micropterus
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Oxyporhamphus micropterus micropterus

Hemiramphidae
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Hemiramphidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • body very elongate
  • c: forked, lower lobe longer
  • jaws: lower very long, upper short
  • dorsal fin anal fin pelvic at rear
FAMILY HEMIRAMPHIDAE

HALFBEAKS

Halfbeaks are elongate slender fishes that characteristically have the lower jaw extended into a long beak; the upper jaw is short and triangular in shape. There are no spines in the fins; the dorsal and anal fins are at the rear of the body, with their bases about opposite one another; the pelvic fins are under the abdomen; the pectoral fins are high on the sides and of variable length; the tail fin is forked or concave. The lateral line is positioned low on the sides of the body. May of these feature are sharer with flyingfishes, to which halfbeaks are closely relate.

Most species live near the sea's surface, frequently occurring in large schools. There are also a number of estuarine and freshwater species. They sometimes leap from the water and skitter across the surface. Euleptorhamphus viridis is capable of prolonged glides, similar to those of flying fishes. Halfbeaks exhibit diverse feeding habits; some are herbivores, feeding on floating seaweed, others are omnivores or carnivores, feeding on crustaceans and other small invertebrates. Their eggs are large and have adhesive filaments with which they attach themselves to floating objects. Although they are bony, the flesh of halfbeaks is considered good eating in some regions.

Halfbeaks occur circumglobally, mainly in tropical and temperate seas; the family contains 11 genera and about 104 species; 6 species in 3 genera occur in our region.


References
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  • Balart , E. F. , Castro-Aguirre , J. L. and De Lachica-Bonilla, F., 1997., Análisis comparativo de las comunidades ícticas de fondos blandos y someros de la Bahía de La Paz, B.C. S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:177-188.
  • Banford , H. M. and Collette, B. B., 2001., A new species of halfbeak Hyporhamphus naos (Belonidae: Hemirhamphidae) from the tropical eastern Pacific., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 49(Supplement 1):39-49.
  • Breder, C.M. Jr., 1928., Scientific results of the second oceanographic expedition of the "Pawnee" 1926. Nematognathi, Apodes, Isospondyli, Synentognathi, and Thoracostraci from Panama to Lower California with a generic analysis of the Exocoetidae., Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ., 2(2):1-25.
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  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Franke , R. and Acero P., A., 1996., Peces óseos comerciales del Parque Gorgona, Pacífico colombiano (Osteichthyes: Muraenesocidae, Hemiramphidae, Belonidae, Scorpaenidae, Triglidae, Malacanthidae, Gerridae, Sparidae, Kyphosidae, Sphyraenidae e Istiophoridae)., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:763-770.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Pérez-España, H., Chávez-Ramos, H., 1996., Systematics list of the fishes from Cerralvo island, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 22:295-311.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Gilbert , C.H. and Starks, E.C., 1904., The fishes of Panama Bay., Mem. Calif. Acad.Sci., 4:1-304.
  • Gotshall, D.W., 1996., Fishes of Rocas Alijos. In Rocas Alijos. Ed. R. W. Schmieder. Cornell Expeditions., Kluwer Academic Publishers: 347-354.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1946., A descriptive catalog of the shore fishes of Peru., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 189:1-530.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1880., Description of a new species of Hemirhamphus (Hemirhamphus rosae), from the coast of California., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 3:335-336.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1882., List of Fishes now in the Museum of Yale College, Collected by Prof. Frank H. Bradley, at Panama, with Descriptions of Three New Species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5:620-632.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1883., Catalogue of the fishes collected by Mr. John Xantus at Cape San Lucas, which are now in the United States National Museum, with descriptions of eight new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5(1882):353-371.
  • Kendall , W.C. and Radcliffe, L., 1912., The shore fishes. Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer ALBATROSS, from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garret, U.S.N., Commanding. XXV., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 35(3):75-171.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
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  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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