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Hemitrichia serpula (Scop) Rostaf ex Lister
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Hemitrichia serpula
© The Eumycetozoan Project, 2006 · 0
Hemitrichia serpula

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Hemitrichia serpula
© The Eumycetozoan Project, 2006 · 0
Hemitrichia serpula
Hemitrichia serpula
© The Eumycetozoan Project, 2006 · 0
Hemitrichia serpula

Hemitrichia serpula
© The Eumycetozoan Project, 2006 · 0
Hemitrichia serpula
Hemitrichia serpula
© The Eumycetozoan Project, 2006 · 0
Hemitrichia serpula

Hemitrichia serpula
© The Eumycetozoan Project, 2006 · 0
Hemitrichia serpula
Hemitrichia serpula
© The Eumycetozoan Project, 2006 · 0
Hemitrichia serpula

Hemitrichia serpula
© The Eumycetozoan Project, 2006 · 0
Hemitrichia serpula
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References
  • Lizárraga,M., Illana, C., Moreno, G. 1999: SEM studies of the Myxomycetes from the Peninsula of Baja California (Mexico), II. Hemitrichia to Trichia. Annales botanici Fennici 36: 187-210.
  • Lizárraga,M., Moreno, G., Illana, C. 1998: First records of myxomycetes from the state of Sinaloa, Mexico. Micologia e Vegetazione Mediterranea 13(2): 167-176.

Acknowledgements
The Eumycetozoan Project -- working to understand the ecology, sytematics and evolution of myxomycetes, dictostelids and protostelids -- the true slime molds.

Sponsored by grants from the National Science Foundation.


Feedback
Please send any corrections and comments about this page to John Shadwick
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
email: jshadwi@uark.edu   phone: USA-479-575-7393.

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FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Arecaceae  Phytelephas sp @ BPI (1)
Betulaceae  Betula sp @ BPI (2)
Euphorbiaceae  Aleurites sp @ BPI (1)
Juglandaceae  Carya sp @ BPI (1)
Malvaceae  Hibiscus tiliaceus @ BPI (1)
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Tsuga sp @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Poria sp @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Nummularia bulliardi @ BPI (1)
_  Substrate @ 876199B (1); 876199A (1); BPI (248)

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EOL Google Images MyCoPortal MycoBank Occurrence Map Nomenclature: Rank: Species
Status: Accepted
Name: Hemitrichia serpula
Author: (Scop.) Rostaf.
Citation: Vers. Syst. Mycetozoen (Strassburg): 14 (1873) / Rostafinsky, J.T. 1873. Versuch eines Systems der Mycetozoen. :1-21
Classification: Edit

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Myxomycota
Class: Myxomycetes
Order: Trichiales
Family: Trichiaceae
Genus: Hemitrichia

Notes on Taxonomy: [ Edit ]

http://www.mycobank.org/...

Brief Description: See More | Edit

In its vegetative state, H. serpula is a light-yellow or golden-yellow-colored plasmodium. The pretzel-like branches of the plasmodium twist and turn, forming a network that can cover many square centimeters. H. serpula have a type of plasmodium known as phaneroplamodium (the two other major types are aphanoplasmodium and protoplasmodium). This type of plasmodium has a lot of rapid cytoplasmic streaming, veins (aka branches), and granular protoplasm. The color of the plasmodium tends to darken (often to a mustard or golden brown color) as it matures, eventually giving rise to fruiting bodies known as plasmodiocarps. Plasmodiocarps are one of four main types of myxomycota fruiting bodies (the other types are sporangia, aethallium, and pseudoaethallium), and they are the same color/texture as the mature plasmodium. With plasmodiocarps, the plasmodium structure is concentrated in the main branches, and a two-layer peridium forms around the outside of the plasmodiocarp structure (0.4 — 0.6mm wide) to enclose the masses of banded, reticulate spores. The peridium eventually breaks down to release a fluffy yellow mass containing yellow spores. The fluffy part of the mass is the capillitium, which is a matrix of threads (yellow, in this case) in which the spores are embedded. The capillitium is made of lime, or calcium carbonate, and serves as a time-release mechanisim for the spores by trapping the spores in the matrix, letting them go when the time is right. Up close, the capillitium is spinulose and resembles hemp-rope. The ends of the threads are free and closed. H. serpula has been observed to fruit during rainy/moisture-rich seasons during the summer.

H. serpula, in its plasmodial vegetative phase, creeps over a variety of surfaces by cytoplasmic streaming, feeding on bacteria, protozoa, other fungi, and non-living organic matter. Surfaces over which it creeps include soil, rotting wood, plant litter, and, in rarer cases, the bark of living trees. When mature and conditions are suitable (warm and wet conditions), the organism produces fruit bodies that give rise to spores, which can germinate into two different types of haploid cells: myxamoebae or flagellated swarm cells. An amoeboid cell can fuse with a flagellated swarm cell to form a zygote. The zygote can divide by mitosis and eventually grow into a mature plasmodium.

Descriptions: [ Create ] Draft For 2012/2013 Eol University Species Pages Initiative By Alison (Default) Public Description   [ Edit ]

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Created: 2007-06-19 00:56:02 CST (-0600) by Nathan Wilson (nathan)
Last modified: 2015-01-10 01:13:43 CST (-0600) by GALL Alain ( GALLA - TAHITI )
Viewed: 384 times, last viewed: 2017-09-24 17:18:43 CST (-0600)
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Protozoa  
 Phylum Myxomycota  
 Class Myxomycetes  
 Order Trichiales  
 Family Trichiaceae  
 Genus Hemitrichia  
  Hemitrichia serpula    (Scop.) Rost. 
Provider: Liu, Chin-Hui 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Arcyria serpula Hemiarcyria serpula Hemitrichia serpula piauiensis Hemitrichia serpula tubiglabra Hyporhamma reticulatum Hyporhamma serpula Lycoperdon lumbricale Mucor serpula Stemonitis lumbricalis Trichia reticulata Trichia retiformis details
Citation: Nakazawa, R. : Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 19( 100 ) : 29(16-30), 1929. Liu, C.-H.: Taiwania 25: 144, 1980.
Habitat: on dead wood, plant litter, and bark of living trees 
Name Code: 123210
  
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 5
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Hemitrichia serpula%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Fungi") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Hemitrichia serpula
Hemitrichia serpula
Pretzel Slime Mold
ID: 0000 0000 0909 1393 [detail]
© 2009 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Hemitrichia serpula
Hemitrichia serpula
Pretzel Slime Mold
ID: 0000 0000 0909 1396 [detail]
© 2009 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Hemitrichia serpula
Hemitrichia serpula
Pretzel Slime Mold
ID: 0000 0000 0909 1397 [detail]
© 2009 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Hemitrichia serpula
Hemitrichia serpula
Pretzel Slime Mold
ID: 0000 0000 0909 1398 [detail]
© 2009 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Hemitrichia serpula
Hemitrichia serpula
Pretzel Slime Mold
ID: 0000 0000 0909 1399 [detail]
© 2009 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

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