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Ogcocephalidae
BATFISHES
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Zalieutes elater
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Zalieutes elater
Ogcocephalus darwini
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Ogcocephalus darwini

Ogcocephalus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Ogcocephalus
Ogcocephalus darwini
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Ogcocephalus darwini

Ogcocephalus darwini
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Ogcocephalus darwini
Ogcocephalus porrectus
© Copyright Clay Bryce, 2006 · 0
Ogcocephalus porrectus

Ogcocephalus porrectus
© Copyright Clay Bryce, 2006 · 0
Ogcocephalus porrectus
Zalieutes elater
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Zalieutes elater

Ogcocephalidae
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Ogcocephalidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • head flat, triangluar; eyes above
  • i dorsal fin on tail
  • pointed rostrum over small horizontal mouth
  • gills open over pectoral
  • pectorals=arms
FAMILY OGCOCEPHALIDAE

BATFISHES

The batfishes are odd-shaped creatures that mainly inhabit the deep ocean floor; however a few species, including the three endemic species from two genera treated here, occur in relatively shallow depths. They belong to the family Ogcocephalidae, a circumglobal tropical to subtropical group containing 62 species divided among nine genera.

Batfishes have a strongly flattened, somewhat disc-like, body with large arm-like pectoral fins and smaller pelvic fins. These fins are used to waddle across the bottom. They are sluggish swimmers, capable of only slow gliding movements. These predators of crustaceans and occasional small fishes, rely on their camouflaged appearance and unusual luring behaviour. On the snout there is a piston-like fishing rod apparatus that is thrust forward at the approach of potential prey. The end of the filamentous rod is equipped with a lumpy bait that is wiggled vigorously.


References
  • Bradbury , M. G. , McCosker , J. E. and Long, D. J., 1999., Batfishes of the Galápagos Islands with descriptions of two new species of Dibranchus (Teleostei: Ogcocephalidae)., Revue Francaise de Aquariologie, 25:79-88.
  • Bradbury, M. G., 1980., A revision of the fish genus Ogcocephalus with descriptions of new species from the western Atlantic Ocean (Ogcocephalidae; Lophiiformes)., Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 42:229-285.
  • Breder, C.M. Jr., 1936., Scientific results of the second oceanographic expedition of the "Pawnee" 1926. Heterosomata to Pediculati from Panama to Lower California., Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ., 2(3):1-56.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • De la Cruz , J. , Galvan , F. , Abitia , L. A. , Rodriguez , J. and Gutierrez, F. J., 1994., Lista sistematica de los peces marinos de Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur (Mexico). Systematic List of marine fishes from Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur (Mexico)., Ciencias Marinas, 20:17-31.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Garman, S., 1899., The Fishes. In: Reports of an exploration off the west coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross," during 1891. L.C.Z.L. Tannar, U.S.N. commanding XXVI., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 24:432pp.
  • Hubbs, C.L., 1958., Ogcocephalus darwini, a new batfish endemic at the Galápagos Islands., Copeia, 1958:161-170.
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1890., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and along the coast of the United States of Colombia, 1887-88, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer 'Albatross'., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 12:149-183.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1882., Description of thirty-three new species of fishes from Mazatlan, Mexico., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 4(1881):338-365.
  • Jordan, D.S., 1895., The fishes of Sinaloa., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2), 5:377-514.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • McCosker , J.E. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 1985., The inshore fish fauna of the Galápagos Islands. In Key Environments-Galápagos, ed. R. Perry., Pergamon Press:133-144.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1928., The marine fishes of Panama. Part III., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:709-1045.
  • Nelson, J.S., 1984., Fishes of the World (Third edition)., John Wiley and Sons:523pp.
  • Pérez-Mellado, J., Findley, LL. F., 1985., Evaluación de la ictiofauna acompañante del camarón capturado en las costas de Sonora y norte de Sinaloa, México. In Yáñez-Arancibia, A. (Ed.) Recursos pesqueros potenciales de México: La pesca acompañante del camarón., Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México: Cap. 5:201-254.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

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