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Paralichthyidae
LARGE-TOOTH FLOUNDERS
Sandabs

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Etropus crossotus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Etropus crossotus
Etropus crossotus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Etropus crossotus

Paralichthys
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Paralichthys
Paralichthys woolmani
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Paralichthys woolmani

Paralichthys californicus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Paralichthys californicus
Citharichthys platophrys
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Citharichthys platophrys

Citharichthys sordidus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Citharichthys sordidus
Citharichthys stigmaeus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Citharichthys stigmaeus

Syacium
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Syacium
Syacium latifrons
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Syacium latifrons

Syacium ovale
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Syacium ovale
Syacium latifrons
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Syacium latifrons

Ancylopsetta
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ancylopsetta
Ancylopsetta dendritica
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ancylopsetta dendritica

Paralichthyidae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Paralichthyidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • eyes: left side
  • pelvics symmetrical position
  • ll: both sides
  • ll: branch under eye if arched over pectoral
FAMILY PARALICHTHYIDAE

FLOUNDERS, SANDABS

Distinguishing characteristics of this group of flounders include: eyes on the left side; border of the preoperculum free, not obscured by skin or scales; pelvic fin bases that are short and symmetrical or nearly so; pectoral fins present on both sides of body, with branched rays; lateral line very evident on both sides of the body, either straight or arched over pectoral, the latter with a branch under lower eye. Paralichthids often are sexually dimorphic in the length of their dorsal and pectoral fins.

There are eight genera (one endemic) and about 26 species (all endemic) in the tropical eastern Pacific, with about 16 genera and 98 species worldwide in tropical to temperate areas.


References
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  • Balart, E.F., Gonzáles-García, J. and Villavicencio-Garayzar, C., 2000., Notes on the biology of Cephalurus cephalus and Parmaturus xaniurus (Chondrichthyes: Scyliorhinidae) from the west coast of Baja California Sur, México., Fishery Bulletin, 98:219-221.
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  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1883., Catalogue of the fishes collected by Mr. John Xantus at Cape San Lucas, which are now in the United States National Museum, with descriptions of eight new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5(1882):353-371.
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  • Vega, A.J., Villareal, N., 2003., Peces asociados a arrecifes y manglares en el Parque Nacional Coiba., Tecnociencia, 5:65-76.
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  • van der Heiden, A.M., Plascencia González, H.G., 2005., Etropus ciadi, a new endemic flatfish from the Gulf of California, Mexico (Pleuronectiformes: Paralichthyidae)., Copeia, 2005:470-478.

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