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Triglidae
SEAROBINS
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Peristedion barbiger
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Peristedion barbiger
Peristedion paucibarbiger
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Peristedion paucibarbiger

Prionotus teaguei
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Prionotus teaguei
Prionotus teaguei
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Prionotus teaguei

Prionotus birostratus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Prionotus birostratus
Prionotus birostratus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Prionotus birostratus

Prionotus birostratus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Prionotus birostratus
Prionotus birostratus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Prionotus birostratus

Prionotus horrens
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Prionotus horrens
Prionotus horrens
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Prionotus horrens

Prionotus ruscarius
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Prionotus ruscarius
Prionotus stephanophrys
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Prionotus stephanophrys

Prionotus stephanophrys
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Prionotus stephanophrys
Prionotus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Prionotus

Triglidae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Triglidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • head large, bony, with crests and spines
  • 2 ds
  • pectoral: first 3 rays long, free
FAMILY TRIGLIDAE

GURNARDS, SEAROBINS

These scorpionfish relatives are characterized by a squarish, bony head that is frequently armed with spines, two separate dorsal fins, and 2-3 enlarged, free rays on the lower pectoral fin. The latter are used for detecting food in sand and rubble habitats. These fishes are capable of producing sounds with special muscles attached to their large air bladder. Triglids literally "walk" over the bottom using their pectoral "feelers". They feed mainly on molluscs and small crustaceans.

The family contains 7 genera and about 109 species inhabits all tropical and temperate seas from rocky shallows to considerable depths. The New World genus, Bellator, containing seven species (3 from the tropical eastern Pacific) was revised by Miller and Richards (1991a). These same authors (1991b) presented a nominal list of eastern Pacific and Atlantic species (7 endemics and 14 endemics, respectively) of the genus Prionotus.


References
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  • Balart , E. F. , Castro-Aguirre , J. L. and De Lachica-Bonilla, F., 1997., Análisis comparativo de las comunidades ícticas de fondos blandos y someros de la Bahía de La Paz, B.C. S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:177-188.
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  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
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  • Gilbert , C.H. and Starks, E.C., 1904., The fishes of Panama Bay., Mem. Calif. Acad.Sci., 4:1-304.
  • Gilbert, C.H., 1892., Scientific results of explorations by the U. S. Fish Commission steamer "Albatross." 22. Descriptions of thirty-four new species of fishes collected in 1888 and 1889, principally among the Santa Barbara Islands and in the Gulf of California., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 14:539-566.
  • Gilbert, C.H., 1897., Descriptions of twenty-two new species of fishes collected by the steamer Albatross, of the United States Fish Commission., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 19:437-457.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1946., A descriptive catalog of the shore fishes of Peru., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 189:1-530.
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
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  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1890., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and along the coast of the United States of Colombia, 1887-88, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer 'Albatross'., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 12:149-183.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part III., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:2183-3136.
  • Jordan, D.S., 1895., The fishes of Sinaloa., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2), 5:377-514.
  • Lea, R.N. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 2000., Observations on fishes associated with the 1997-1998 El Niño off California., CalCOFL Rep., 41:117-129.
  • Lee, R. S., 1968., Prionotus xenisma Jordan and Bollman, a searobin new to California., Calif. Fish & Game, 54:278-280.
  • Lockington, W. N., 1881., Description of a new species of Prionotus (Prionotus stephanophrys), from the coast of California., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 3:529-532.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
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  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1928., The marine fishes of Panama. Part III., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:709-1045.
  • Miller , G.C. and Richards, W.J., 1991., Revision of the western Atlantic and eastern Pacific genus Bellator (Pisces:Triglidae)., Bull. Mar. Sci., 48(3):635-656.
  • Minckley, W.L., 2002., Fishes of the lowermost colorado river, its delta, and estuary: a commentary on biotic change. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:63-78.
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  • Richards , W. J. and McCosker, J. E., 1998., A new species of the genus Bellator (Pisces: Triglidae), with comments on the trigloids of the Galápagos Islands., Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 111:936-941.
  • Richardson, J., 1844., Ichthyology.--Part 1. In R. B. Hinds (ed.) The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur, under the command of Captain Sir Edward Belcher, R. N., C. B., F. R. G. S., etc., during the years 1836-42, No. 5., Smith, Elder & Co.:51-70.
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  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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